Barriers to the Development and Progress of Entrepreneurship in Rural Pakistan

Nabeel Muhammad, Gerard McElwee, Leo-Paul Dana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Focussing on entrepreneurs’ experiences inhibiting them from launching a business – at the micro level – the purpose of this paper is to identify issues that limit rural entrepreneurship in Pakistan and also, to identify the cultural, social, economic and religious traditions and settings that discourage entrepreneurship thus hindering economic development.
Design/methodology/approach: An ethnographic approach was used to obtain a picture of current problems and perspectives of rural inhabitants. Members of 84 families were interviewed.
Findings: Religious, socioeconomic and structural forces play a significant role in suppressing social and cultural capital in rural areas of Pakistan, explaining the low level of entrepreneurship in these areas. Social and cultural capital requires a certain socioeconomic context for entrepreneurship to thrive.
Originality/value: This study examines the determinants of very low levels of entrepreneurship in rural settings in the agro-based regions of interior Sindh, Pakistan; this contributes to the gap of understanding the context of rural entrepreneurs in agro-based economies. This study makes recommendations for policy makers to promote entrepreneurship in such areas.
LanguageEnglish
Pages279-295
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research
Volume23
Issue number2
Early online date1 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Pakistan
Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurs
Social capital
Cultural capital
Socio-economics
Rural entrepreneurship
Design methodology
Rural areas
Economic development
Politicians

Cite this

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Barriers to the Development and Progress of Entrepreneurship in Rural Pakistan. / Muhammad, Nabeel; McElwee, Gerard; Dana, Leo-Paul.

In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2017, p. 279-295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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