BIM adoption and implementation for architectural practices

Y. Arayici, P. Coates, L. Koskela, M. Kagioglou, C. Usher, K. O'Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)


This paper aims to present a systematic approach for building information modelling (BIM) implementation for architectural SMEs at the organizational level.

The research is undertaken through a knowledge transfer partnership (KTP) project between the University of Salford and John McCall Architects (JMA) a SME based in Liverpool. The overall aim of the KTP is to develop lean design practice through BIM adoption. The BIM implementation approach uses a socio-technical view, which does not only consider the implementation of technology but also considers the socio-cultural environment that provides the context for its implementation. The action research oriented qualitative and quantitative research is used for discovery, comparison, and experimentation as it provides “learning by doing”. 

The strategic approach to BIM adoption incorporated people, process and technology equally and led to capacity building through the improvements in process, technological infrastructure and upskilling of JMA staff to attain efficiency gains and competitive advantages. 

The paper introduces a systematic approach for BIM adoption based on the action research philosophy and demonstrates a roadmap for BIM adoption at the operational level for SME companies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-25
Number of pages19
JournalStructural Survey
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes


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