Binaural Rendering of Phantom Image Elevation Using VHAP

Hyunkook Lee, Maksims Mironovs, Dale Johnson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


VHAP (virtual hemispherical amplitude panning) is a method developed to create an elevated phantom source on a virtual upper-hemisphere with only four ear-height loudspeakers. This engineering brief introduces a new VST plug-in for VHAP and evaluates the performance of the binaural rendering of VHAP with a simple but effective distance control method. Listening test results indicate that the binaural mode achieves the externalization of elevated phantom images in various degrees of perceived distance. VHAP is considered to be a cost-efficient and effective method for 3D panning in virtual reality applications as well as in horizontal loudspeaker reproduction. The plugin is available for free download in the Resources section at
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication146th AES Convention
Subtitle of host publicationExcite Your Ears
EditorsRoisin Loughran, Jamie Angus-Whiteoak
PublisherAudio Engineering Society
ISBN (Print)9781942220268
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2019
Event146th Audio Engineering Society International Convention - The Convention Center, Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 20 Mar 201923 Mar 2019
Conference number: 146 (Link to Convention Website)


Conference146th Audio Engineering Society International Convention
Abbreviated titleAES
Internet address


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