Binaural Rendering of Virtual Elevation using the VHAP Plugin

Hyunkook Lee, Maksims Mironovs, Dale Johnson

Research output: Non-textual formSoftware


VHAP (virtual hemispherical amplitude panning) is a method developed to create an elevated phantom source on a virtual upper-hemisphere with only four ear-height loudspeakers. This engineering brief introduces a new VST plug-in for VHAP and evaluates the performance of the binaural rendering of VHAP with a simple but effective distance control method. Listening test results indicate that the binaural mode achieves the externalisation of elevated phantom images in various degrees of perceived distance. VHAP is considered to be a cost-efficient and effective method for 3D panning in virtual reality applications as well as in horizontal loudspeaker reproduction. The plugin is available for free download at
Original languageEnglish
PublisherAudio Engineering Society
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 Jan 2019
Event146th Audio Engineering Society International Convention - The Convention Center, Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 20 Mar 201923 Mar 2019
Conference number: 146 (Link to Convention Website)


Cite this

Lee, H. (Author), Mironovs, M. (Author), & Johnson, D. (Author). (Accepted/In press). Binaural Rendering of Virtual Elevation using the VHAP Plugin. Software, Audio Engineering Society.