Body composition assessment of English Premier League soccer players: a comparative DXA analysis of first team, U21 and U18 squads

Jordan Milsom, Robert Naughton, Andy O’Boyle, Zafar Iqbal, Ryland Morgans, Barry Drust, James P. Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Professional soccer players from the first team (1st team, n = 27), under twenty-one (U21, n = 21) and under eighteen (U18, n = 35) squads of an English Premier League soccer team were assessed for whole body and regional estimates of body composition using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Per cent body fat was lower in 1st team (10.0 ± 1.6) compared with both U21 (11.6 ± 2.5, P = 0.02) and U18 (11.4 ± 2.6, P = 0.01) players. However, this difference was not due to variations (P = 0.23) in fat mass between squads (7.8 ± 1.6 v 8.8 ± 2.1 v 8.2 ± 2.4 kg, respectively) but rather the presence of more lean mass in 1st team (66.9 ± 7.1 kg, P < 0.01) and U21 (64.6 ± 6.5 kg, P = 0.02) compared with U18 (60.6 ± 6.3 kg) players. Accordingly, fat mass index was not different (P = 0.138) between squads, whereas lean mass index was greater (P < 0.01) in 1st team players (20.0 ± 1.1 kg · m−2) compared with U18 players (18.8 ± 1.4 kg · m−2). Differences in lean mass were also reflective of higher lean tissue mass in all regions, for example, upper limbs/lower limbs and trunk. Data suggest that training and nutritional interventions for younger players should therefore be targeted to lean mass growth as opposed to body fat loss.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1799-1806
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume33
Issue number17
Early online date16 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Soccer
Photon Absorptiometry
Body Composition
Adipose Tissue
Fats
Upper Extremity
Lower Extremity
Growth
flavodic acid

Cite this

Milsom, Jordan ; Naughton, Robert ; O’Boyle, Andy ; Iqbal, Zafar ; Morgans, Ryland ; Drust, Barry ; Morton, James P. / Body composition assessment of English Premier League soccer players : a comparative DXA analysis of first team, U21 and U18 squads. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 33, No. 17. pp. 1799-1806.
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Body composition assessment of English Premier League soccer players : a comparative DXA analysis of first team, U21 and U18 squads. / Milsom, Jordan; Naughton, Robert; O’Boyle, Andy; Iqbal, Zafar; Morgans, Ryland; Drust, Barry; Morton, James P.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 33, No. 17, 2015, p. 1799-1806.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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