Bond Analysis of Titanium Rods Embedded in Masonry

Fitsum Haile, Marco Corradi, Enea Mustafaraj, Harrison Coolledge, Jill Adkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Among the techniques utilized for strengthening masonry structures with advanced materials, the adoption of near-surface mounted (NSM) titanium rods stands out as a promising method for increasing the flexural and shear strength of masonry structures. This method is also known as Bed Joint Reinforcement. Ensuring an effective performance of this technique hinges on establishing a strong bond between the NSM reinforcement and the substrate masonry material. The primary objective of this project was to study the mechanics of this bond using NSM threaded and smooth titanium rods while scrutinizing the impact of key parameters on bond performance. Variables under investigation encompassed the rod type (smooth and threaded), bond length, and the material used to fill the groove (type of mortars). It was found that threaded rods outperformed all other types investigated, and pull-out strengths can be significantly improved through careful selection and optimization of the mortar type and bond length.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1517
Number of pages20
Issue number7
Early online date27 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

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