A number of metal oxides and perovskites are capable of being reduced at high temperatures and then re-oxidised in the presence of CO2 or H2O to form CO or H2. Barium calcium iron niobates have been found to be redox-active in this way. The redox activity of these perovskites was explored, and the chemical and physical stability was investigated using EDX and SEM imaging, respectively. The most promising, Ba2Ca0.66Nb0.34FeO6-δ (BCNF1), showed mass changes of 0.45 % after five cycles of reduction with N2 and re-oxidation with 10 % CO2. BCNF1 is chemically stable as it shows no changes in XRD and shows no evidence of sintering, although cracking of the pellets was observed after re-oxidation. The low enthalpy of re-oxidation of BCNF1 coupled with the high and sustained mass change makes this perovskite suitable for chemical looping use for energy storage and conversion systems.
|Number of pages||9|
|Early online date||11 May 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Mar 2021|
|Event||14th International Conference on Catalysis in Membrane Reactors - Eindhoven, Netherlands|
Duration: 8 Jul 2019 → 11 Jul 2019
Conference number: 14