Cell Type- and Differentiation Stage-Dependent Expression of PML Domains in Rat, Detected by Monoclonal Antibody HIS55

Y. W. Lam, W. Ammerlaan, W. S. O, F. Kroese, D. Opstelten

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Using mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) HIS55, we identified a nuclear antigen (ag) that exhibited a staining pattern of discrete foci. Such foci could be detected in cells of many mammalian species. These nuclear foci were not associated with nuclear membrane, nucleoli, or mitotic chromosomes. In isolated rat liver nuclei, HeLa cells, and normal human and rat lymph nodes, staining of HIS55 colocalized with that of 5E10. 5E10 recognizes PML nuclear domains, multimolecular complexes of unknown function containing the product of PML gene and at least two other components. HIS55 foci were expressed widely in many tissues but the expression level varied in a cell type-specific manner, with the number of HIS55 nuclear foci ranging from 0 (as in neurons) to over 100 (as in megakaryocytes) and the size ranging from fine (as in cortical thymocytes) to very large (as in urethra epithelium). HIS55 ag expression level also varied among cells of the same lineage, as observed in embryonic development of rat and in the hemopoietic system of adult rat. The expression level of HIS55 loci roughly correlated with the overall rate of protein synthesis of cells, supporting a role of PML domains as transcription regulatory units. The expression of HIS55 foci, however, did not correlate with the growth index of cell populations. Our observations on normal tissues agreed with the hypothesis that PML domain expression is regulated by external, possibly site-dependent factors. We further supported this by demonstrating that PML domains in rat ventral prostate epithelia were upregulated upon castration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-356
Number of pages13
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1995
Externally publishedYes

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