How demodulate the vibration signal is an essential strategy for revealing the weak fault symptomatic of axle-box bearings. This paper proposed a candidate fault frequencies (CFFs)-based method, abbreviated as CFFsgram, for the optimal demodulation frequency band (DFB) identification of the axle-box bearing. The 1/3-binary tree filter bank constructed by empirical wavelet transform is adopted to divide the vibration signal into different narrowband with the same length. The local features of the squared envelope spectra of the narrowband signals are fully mined to identify the CFFs-a collection of frequencies most likely to be associated with bearing fault. An indicator calculated on the SESs of the narrowband signals is designed to guide the selection of the DFB. The superiority of the CFFsgram in resisting strong noise and random impulses is verified and confirmed by using four different challenging experimental datasets.
|Number of pages
|Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
|Early online date
|31 Dec 2022
|Published - 15 Feb 2023