CFFsgram: A candidate fault frequencies-based optimal demodulation band selection method for axle-box bearing fault diagnosis

Ning Zhou, Yao Cheng, Zhiwei Wang, Bingyan Chen, Weihua Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


How demodulate the vibration signal is an essential strategy for revealing the weak fault symptomatic of axle-box bearings. This paper proposed a candidate fault frequencies (CFFs)-based method, abbreviated as CFFsgram, for the optimal demodulation frequency band (DFB) identification of the axle-box bearing. The 1/3-binary tree filter bank constructed by empirical wavelet transform is adopted to divide the vibration signal into different narrowband with the same length. The local features of the squared envelope spectra of the narrowband signals are fully mined to identify the CFFs-a collection of frequencies most likely to be associated with bearing fault. An indicator calculated on the SESs of the narrowband signals is designed to guide the selection of the DFB. The superiority of the CFFsgram in resisting strong noise and random impulses is verified and confirmed by using four different challenging experimental datasets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112368
Number of pages18
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Early online date31 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes

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