Change in spinal height following correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Dmitri Van Popta, John Stephenson, Rajat Verma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Context Corrective surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) leads to vertical growth arrest of the instrumented spine. This might be offset by the immediate gain in spinal height (SH) as a result of correction of the curvature. Purpose This study aimed to identify predictors of gain in SH following corrective surgery for AIS. We present a unique model to predict postoperative height prior to intervention, which could contribute to the preoperative counseling and consenting process. Study Design This was a retrospective case series. All surgeries were performed by one of four substantive pediatric spinal surgeons within a single regional center over a 3.5-year period. Patient Sample There were 104 patients who had instrumented posterior spinal fusion for AIS included. There were 93 females, and the age range was from 11 to 17 years. All patients had posterior instrumented fusion using rods and anchors (pedicle screws±hooks). Outcome Measures Postoperative SH was the primary outcome measure. The SH (C7-L5) and Cobb angles were measured from a pre- and postoperative standing X-ray of each patient. Methods Variables associated with patients (demographic and radiological) and the surgical constructs were analyzed for predictability of height gain. A model was derived including only significant predictors of substantive importance using hierarchical regression methods. Cross-validation procedures verified the adequacy of the model fit. Analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 20.0 (IBM Corp. Armonk, NY, USA). Results The major curve was thoracic in 90% of cases. The number of vertebrae fused ranged from 5 to 15. The average preoperative Cobb angle was 66°, with an average correction of 45°. The average change in SH was 4.66 cm (SD 2.13 cm). The model presented included preoperative height, preoperative Cobb angle, and number of vertebrae within the construct, with coefficients of 1.00 (95% CI: 0.90, 1.09), 0.067 (95% CI: 0.039, 0.095), and 0.26 (95% CI: 0.11, 0.41), respectively. This model had an adjusted-R2 value of 0.83 and a R2 for prediction of 0.79, and can be shown to have similar predictive capability as a model comprising a wider range of predictors. Conclusion The greatest postoperative height values following posterior spinal fusion for AIS could be expected from a patient with greater preoperative height and Cobb angle, and whose construct spans a large number of vertebrae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-203
Number of pages5
JournalSpine Journal
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

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Scoliosis
Spine
Spinal Fusion
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Counseling
Thorax
X-Rays
Demography
Pediatrics
Growth

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Van Popta, Dmitri ; Stephenson, John ; Verma, Rajat. / Change in spinal height following correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. In: Spine Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 199-203.
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title = "Change in spinal height following correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis",
abstract = "Background Context Corrective surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) leads to vertical growth arrest of the instrumented spine. This might be offset by the immediate gain in spinal height (SH) as a result of correction of the curvature. Purpose This study aimed to identify predictors of gain in SH following corrective surgery for AIS. We present a unique model to predict postoperative height prior to intervention, which could contribute to the preoperative counseling and consenting process. Study Design This was a retrospective case series. All surgeries were performed by one of four substantive pediatric spinal surgeons within a single regional center over a 3.5-year period. Patient Sample There were 104 patients who had instrumented posterior spinal fusion for AIS included. There were 93 females, and the age range was from 11 to 17 years. All patients had posterior instrumented fusion using rods and anchors (pedicle screws±hooks). Outcome Measures Postoperative SH was the primary outcome measure. The SH (C7-L5) and Cobb angles were measured from a pre- and postoperative standing X-ray of each patient. Methods Variables associated with patients (demographic and radiological) and the surgical constructs were analyzed for predictability of height gain. A model was derived including only significant predictors of substantive importance using hierarchical regression methods. Cross-validation procedures verified the adequacy of the model fit. Analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 20.0 (IBM Corp. Armonk, NY, USA). Results The major curve was thoracic in 90{\%} of cases. The number of vertebrae fused ranged from 5 to 15. The average preoperative Cobb angle was 66°, with an average correction of 45°. The average change in SH was 4.66 cm (SD 2.13 cm). The model presented included preoperative height, preoperative Cobb angle, and number of vertebrae within the construct, with coefficients of 1.00 (95{\%} CI: 0.90, 1.09), 0.067 (95{\%} CI: 0.039, 0.095), and 0.26 (95{\%} CI: 0.11, 0.41), respectively. This model had an adjusted-R2 value of 0.83 and a R2 for prediction of 0.79, and can be shown to have similar predictive capability as a model comprising a wider range of predictors. Conclusion The greatest postoperative height values following posterior spinal fusion for AIS could be expected from a patient with greater preoperative height and Cobb angle, and whose construct spans a large number of vertebrae.",
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Change in spinal height following correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. / Van Popta, Dmitri; Stephenson, John; Verma, Rajat.

In: Spine Journal, Vol. 16, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 199-203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Background Context Corrective surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) leads to vertical growth arrest of the instrumented spine. This might be offset by the immediate gain in spinal height (SH) as a result of correction of the curvature. Purpose This study aimed to identify predictors of gain in SH following corrective surgery for AIS. We present a unique model to predict postoperative height prior to intervention, which could contribute to the preoperative counseling and consenting process. Study Design This was a retrospective case series. All surgeries were performed by one of four substantive pediatric spinal surgeons within a single regional center over a 3.5-year period. Patient Sample There were 104 patients who had instrumented posterior spinal fusion for AIS included. There were 93 females, and the age range was from 11 to 17 years. All patients had posterior instrumented fusion using rods and anchors (pedicle screws±hooks). Outcome Measures Postoperative SH was the primary outcome measure. The SH (C7-L5) and Cobb angles were measured from a pre- and postoperative standing X-ray of each patient. Methods Variables associated with patients (demographic and radiological) and the surgical constructs were analyzed for predictability of height gain. A model was derived including only significant predictors of substantive importance using hierarchical regression methods. Cross-validation procedures verified the adequacy of the model fit. Analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 20.0 (IBM Corp. Armonk, NY, USA). Results The major curve was thoracic in 90% of cases. The number of vertebrae fused ranged from 5 to 15. The average preoperative Cobb angle was 66°, with an average correction of 45°. The average change in SH was 4.66 cm (SD 2.13 cm). The model presented included preoperative height, preoperative Cobb angle, and number of vertebrae within the construct, with coefficients of 1.00 (95% CI: 0.90, 1.09), 0.067 (95% CI: 0.039, 0.095), and 0.26 (95% CI: 0.11, 0.41), respectively. This model had an adjusted-R2 value of 0.83 and a R2 for prediction of 0.79, and can be shown to have similar predictive capability as a model comprising a wider range of predictors. Conclusion The greatest postoperative height values following posterior spinal fusion for AIS could be expected from a patient with greater preoperative height and Cobb angle, and whose construct spans a large number of vertebrae.

AB - Background Context Corrective surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) leads to vertical growth arrest of the instrumented spine. This might be offset by the immediate gain in spinal height (SH) as a result of correction of the curvature. Purpose This study aimed to identify predictors of gain in SH following corrective surgery for AIS. We present a unique model to predict postoperative height prior to intervention, which could contribute to the preoperative counseling and consenting process. Study Design This was a retrospective case series. All surgeries were performed by one of four substantive pediatric spinal surgeons within a single regional center over a 3.5-year period. Patient Sample There were 104 patients who had instrumented posterior spinal fusion for AIS included. There were 93 females, and the age range was from 11 to 17 years. All patients had posterior instrumented fusion using rods and anchors (pedicle screws±hooks). Outcome Measures Postoperative SH was the primary outcome measure. The SH (C7-L5) and Cobb angles were measured from a pre- and postoperative standing X-ray of each patient. Methods Variables associated with patients (demographic and radiological) and the surgical constructs were analyzed for predictability of height gain. A model was derived including only significant predictors of substantive importance using hierarchical regression methods. Cross-validation procedures verified the adequacy of the model fit. Analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 20.0 (IBM Corp. Armonk, NY, USA). Results The major curve was thoracic in 90% of cases. The number of vertebrae fused ranged from 5 to 15. The average preoperative Cobb angle was 66°, with an average correction of 45°. The average change in SH was 4.66 cm (SD 2.13 cm). The model presented included preoperative height, preoperative Cobb angle, and number of vertebrae within the construct, with coefficients of 1.00 (95% CI: 0.90, 1.09), 0.067 (95% CI: 0.039, 0.095), and 0.26 (95% CI: 0.11, 0.41), respectively. This model had an adjusted-R2 value of 0.83 and a R2 for prediction of 0.79, and can be shown to have similar predictive capability as a model comprising a wider range of predictors. Conclusion The greatest postoperative height values following posterior spinal fusion for AIS could be expected from a patient with greater preoperative height and Cobb angle, and whose construct spans a large number of vertebrae.

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