Characterization of hydraulic habitat and retention across different channel types; introducing a new field-based technique

Victoria Milner, David Gilvear

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the interactions between physical habitat and aquatic biodiversity has become a key research objective in river management. River research and management practitioners are increasingly seeking new methodologies and techniques for characterizing physical habitat heterogeneity. The physical biotope has been widely employed as the standard mesoscale unit in river surveys. However, few surveys have quantified the combined physical heterogeneity at the meso- and microscale scale via a single technique. This paper describes a new field methodology for assessing variations in hydraulic habitat and retention across different channel types (e.g. step-pool, bedrock, plane-bed and pool-riffle). Hydraulic habitat and retention was measured by timing 100 flow tracers across a 100-m stream length, and recording the types of trapping structures. The pattern of flow tracers and retention varied significantly between channel types and structures. Rocks (boulders and cobbles) were more important retentive structures than eddies and snags (woody material and vegetation). The results indicate the importance of a diverse hydraulic environment, woody material and channel substrate character in increasing physical heterogeneity within a stream reach. The findings suggest that the field methodology may be an effective tool to assess differences in physical heterogeneity pre and post river restoration activities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-233
Number of pages15
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume694
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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fluid mechanics
hydraulics
habitat
habitats
rivers
methodology
tracer
river
tracer techniques
river management
snag
riffle
biotope
snags
trapping
biotopes
bedrock
eddy
biodiversity
substrate

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of hydraulic habitat and retention across different channel types; introducing a new field-based technique",
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Characterization of hydraulic habitat and retention across different channel types; introducing a new field-based technique. / Milner, Victoria; Gilvear, David .

In: Hydrobiologia, Vol. 694, No. 1, 2012, p. 219-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of hydraulic habitat and retention across different channel types; introducing a new field-based technique

AU - Milner, Victoria

AU - Gilvear, David

PY - 2012

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AB - Understanding the interactions between physical habitat and aquatic biodiversity has become a key research objective in river management. River research and management practitioners are increasingly seeking new methodologies and techniques for characterizing physical habitat heterogeneity. The physical biotope has been widely employed as the standard mesoscale unit in river surveys. However, few surveys have quantified the combined physical heterogeneity at the meso- and microscale scale via a single technique. This paper describes a new field methodology for assessing variations in hydraulic habitat and retention across different channel types (e.g. step-pool, bedrock, plane-bed and pool-riffle). Hydraulic habitat and retention was measured by timing 100 flow tracers across a 100-m stream length, and recording the types of trapping structures. The pattern of flow tracers and retention varied significantly between channel types and structures. Rocks (boulders and cobbles) were more important retentive structures than eddies and snags (woody material and vegetation). The results indicate the importance of a diverse hydraulic environment, woody material and channel substrate character in increasing physical heterogeneity within a stream reach. The findings suggest that the field methodology may be an effective tool to assess differences in physical heterogeneity pre and post river restoration activities.

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