In a biological tissue, light scattering is based on the size and type of scatterers seen as refractive index variations that describe the optical properties shown. In this paper, we have implemented the variable incidence angle technique of multiple angle of illumination experiment on tendon and cartilage samples whose dominant constituents are genetically different types of collagen fibers, type I and type II, respectively. It is found that tendon displays a much greater angular anisotropy in its optical backscattering coefficient than the healthy cartilage. We propose that this is due to a more uniform distribution of fine fibrils than is found in tendon. Rayleigh-Gans approximation is used to give qualitative support to this idea.