Composite material evaluation at cryogenic temperatures for applications in space-based far-infrared astronomical instrumentation

Locke D. Spencer, Ian T. Veenendaal, David A. Naylor, Brad G. Gom, Geoffrey R.H. Sitwell, Anthony I. Huber, Adam Christiansen, Chris S. Benson, Sudhakar Gunuganti, Martyn Jones, Richard Day, David Walker, Navid Zobeiry, Anoush Poursartip

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Over half of the light incident on the Earth from the Universe falls within the Far-Infrared (FIR) region of the spectrum. Due to the deleterious effects of the Earth's atmosphere and instrument self-emission, astronomical measurements in the FIR require space-borne instrumentation operating at cryogenic temperatures. These instruments place stringent constraints on the mechanical and thermal properties of the support structures at low temperatures. With high stiffness, tensile strength, strength-to-mass ratio, and extremely low thermal conductivity, carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRPs) are an important material for aerospace and FIR astronomical applications, however, little is known about their properties at cryogenic temperatures. We have developed a test facility for exploring CFRP properties down to 4 K. We present results from our ongoing study in which we compare and contrast the performance of CFRP samples using different materials, and multiple layup configurations. Current results include an evaluation of a cryostat dedicated for materials testing and a custom cryogenic metrology system, and preliminary cryogenic thermal expansion measurements. The goal of this research is to explore the feasibility of making CFRP-based, lightweight, cryogenic astronomical instruments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III
EditorsRamón Navarro, Roland Geyl
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherSPIE
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781510619661
ISBN (Print)9781510619654
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2018
EventAdvances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III 2018 - Austin, United States
Duration: 10 Jun 201815 Jun 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10706
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceAdvances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III 2018
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period10/06/1815/06/18

Fingerprint

Infrared Instrumentation
Astronomical Instrumentation
cryogenic temperature
carbon fibers
Composite Materials
Cryogenics
Carbon Fiber
Carbon fibers
Infrared radiation
cryogenics
Polymers
composite materials
evaluation
Composite materials
polymers
Evaluation
Infrared
Temperature
Earth atmosphere
test facilities

Cite this

Spencer, L. D., Veenendaal, I. T., Naylor, D. A., Gom, B. G., Sitwell, G. R. H., Huber, A. I., ... Poursartip, A. (2018). Composite material evaluation at cryogenic temperatures for applications in space-based far-infrared astronomical instrumentation. In R. Navarro, & R. Geyl (Eds.), Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III [107063R] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10706). USA: SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2314211
Spencer, Locke D. ; Veenendaal, Ian T. ; Naylor, David A. ; Gom, Brad G. ; Sitwell, Geoffrey R.H. ; Huber, Anthony I. ; Christiansen, Adam ; Benson, Chris S. ; Gunuganti, Sudhakar ; Jones, Martyn ; Day, Richard ; Walker, David ; Zobeiry, Navid ; Poursartip, Anoush. / Composite material evaluation at cryogenic temperatures for applications in space-based far-infrared astronomical instrumentation. Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III. editor / Ramón Navarro ; Roland Geyl. USA : SPIE, 2018. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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abstract = "Over half of the light incident on the Earth from the Universe falls within the Far-Infrared (FIR) region of the spectrum. Due to the deleterious effects of the Earth's atmosphere and instrument self-emission, astronomical measurements in the FIR require space-borne instrumentation operating at cryogenic temperatures. These instruments place stringent constraints on the mechanical and thermal properties of the support structures at low temperatures. With high stiffness, tensile strength, strength-to-mass ratio, and extremely low thermal conductivity, carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRPs) are an important material for aerospace and FIR astronomical applications, however, little is known about their properties at cryogenic temperatures. We have developed a test facility for exploring CFRP properties down to 4 K. We present results from our ongoing study in which we compare and contrast the performance of CFRP samples using different materials, and multiple layup configurations. Current results include an evaluation of a cryostat dedicated for materials testing and a custom cryogenic metrology system, and preliminary cryogenic thermal expansion measurements. The goal of this research is to explore the feasibility of making CFRP-based, lightweight, cryogenic astronomical instruments.",
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year = "2018",
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Spencer, LD, Veenendaal, IT, Naylor, DA, Gom, BG, Sitwell, GRH, Huber, AI, Christiansen, A, Benson, CS, Gunuganti, S, Jones, M, Day, R, Walker, D, Zobeiry, N & Poursartip, A 2018, Composite material evaluation at cryogenic temperatures for applications in space-based far-infrared astronomical instrumentation. in R Navarro & R Geyl (eds), Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III., 107063R, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 10706, SPIE, USA, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III 2018, Austin, United States, 10/06/18. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2314211

Composite material evaluation at cryogenic temperatures for applications in space-based far-infrared astronomical instrumentation. / Spencer, Locke D.; Veenendaal, Ian T.; Naylor, David A.; Gom, Brad G.; Sitwell, Geoffrey R.H.; Huber, Anthony I.; Christiansen, Adam; Benson, Chris S.; Gunuganti, Sudhakar; Jones, Martyn; Day, Richard; Walker, David; Zobeiry, Navid; Poursartip, Anoush.

Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III. ed. / Ramón Navarro; Roland Geyl. USA : SPIE, 2018. 107063R (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10706).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Composite material evaluation at cryogenic temperatures for applications in space-based far-infrared astronomical instrumentation

AU - Spencer, Locke D.

AU - Veenendaal, Ian T.

AU - Naylor, David A.

AU - Gom, Brad G.

AU - Sitwell, Geoffrey R.H.

AU - Huber, Anthony I.

AU - Christiansen, Adam

AU - Benson, Chris S.

AU - Gunuganti, Sudhakar

AU - Jones, Martyn

AU - Day, Richard

AU - Walker, David

AU - Zobeiry, Navid

AU - Poursartip, Anoush

PY - 2018/7/12

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N2 - Over half of the light incident on the Earth from the Universe falls within the Far-Infrared (FIR) region of the spectrum. Due to the deleterious effects of the Earth's atmosphere and instrument self-emission, astronomical measurements in the FIR require space-borne instrumentation operating at cryogenic temperatures. These instruments place stringent constraints on the mechanical and thermal properties of the support structures at low temperatures. With high stiffness, tensile strength, strength-to-mass ratio, and extremely low thermal conductivity, carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRPs) are an important material for aerospace and FIR astronomical applications, however, little is known about their properties at cryogenic temperatures. We have developed a test facility for exploring CFRP properties down to 4 K. We present results from our ongoing study in which we compare and contrast the performance of CFRP samples using different materials, and multiple layup configurations. Current results include an evaluation of a cryostat dedicated for materials testing and a custom cryogenic metrology system, and preliminary cryogenic thermal expansion measurements. The goal of this research is to explore the feasibility of making CFRP-based, lightweight, cryogenic astronomical instruments.

AB - Over half of the light incident on the Earth from the Universe falls within the Far-Infrared (FIR) region of the spectrum. Due to the deleterious effects of the Earth's atmosphere and instrument self-emission, astronomical measurements in the FIR require space-borne instrumentation operating at cryogenic temperatures. These instruments place stringent constraints on the mechanical and thermal properties of the support structures at low temperatures. With high stiffness, tensile strength, strength-to-mass ratio, and extremely low thermal conductivity, carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRPs) are an important material for aerospace and FIR astronomical applications, however, little is known about their properties at cryogenic temperatures. We have developed a test facility for exploring CFRP properties down to 4 K. We present results from our ongoing study in which we compare and contrast the performance of CFRP samples using different materials, and multiple layup configurations. Current results include an evaluation of a cryostat dedicated for materials testing and a custom cryogenic metrology system, and preliminary cryogenic thermal expansion measurements. The goal of this research is to explore the feasibility of making CFRP-based, lightweight, cryogenic astronomical instruments.

KW - Cryogenics

KW - Cryogenics temperature

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Spencer LD, Veenendaal IT, Naylor DA, Gom BG, Sitwell GRH, Huber AI et al. Composite material evaluation at cryogenic temperatures for applications in space-based far-infrared astronomical instrumentation. In Navarro R, Geyl R, editors, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation III. USA: SPIE. 2018. 107063R. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2314211