Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft

Michael Bennett, Simon M. Christie, Angus Graham, Bryony S. Thomas, Vladimir Vishnyakov, Kevin Morris, Daniel M. Peters, Rhys Jones, Cathy Ansell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A combination of techniques has been used to examine the composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. A sample of dust from the undercarriage from several commercial airliners was examined with SEM/EDX (Scanning Electron Microscope/Energy Dispersive X-ray) to determine its elemental composition and also with an aerosizer/aerodisperser in order to measure the particle size spectrum. The observed size spectrum was bimodal with equal numbers of particles at peaks of aerodynamic diameter ∼10 μm and ∼50 μm. The EDX analysis suggested that the former peak is carbonaceous, while the latter consists of elements typical of an asphalt concrete runway. In the field, a scanning Lidar, in combination with optical and condensation particle counters, was deployed to obtain limits to the number concentration and size of such particles. Most of the (strong) Lidar signal probably arose from the coarser 50 μm aerosol, while respirable aerosol was too sparse to be detected by the optical particle counters.

LanguageEnglish
Pages3533-3538
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume45
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aircraft landing
Radiation counters
Optical radar
Aerosols
Smoke
smoke
aircraft
Scanning
Asphalt concrete
Chemical analysis
lidar
Dust
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Condensation
Aerodynamics
Electron microscopes
Particle size
aerosol
X rays
asphalt

Cite this

Bennett, M., Christie, S. M., Graham, A., Thomas, B. S., Vishnyakov, V., Morris, K., ... Ansell, C. (2011). Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. Environmental Science and Technology, 45(8), 3533-3538. https://doi.org/10.1021/es1027585
Bennett, Michael ; Christie, Simon M. ; Graham, Angus ; Thomas, Bryony S. ; Vishnyakov, Vladimir ; Morris, Kevin ; Peters, Daniel M. ; Jones, Rhys ; Ansell, Cathy. / Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2011 ; Vol. 45, No. 8. pp. 3533-3538.
@article{26cfd951b7314a0da099a749d771053e,
title = "Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft",
abstract = "A combination of techniques has been used to examine the composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. A sample of dust from the undercarriage from several commercial airliners was examined with SEM/EDX (Scanning Electron Microscope/Energy Dispersive X-ray) to determine its elemental composition and also with an aerosizer/aerodisperser in order to measure the particle size spectrum. The observed size spectrum was bimodal with equal numbers of particles at peaks of aerodynamic diameter ∼10 μm and ∼50 μm. The EDX analysis suggested that the former peak is carbonaceous, while the latter consists of elements typical of an asphalt concrete runway. In the field, a scanning Lidar, in combination with optical and condensation particle counters, was deployed to obtain limits to the number concentration and size of such particles. Most of the (strong) Lidar signal probably arose from the coarser 50 μm aerosol, while respirable aerosol was too sparse to be detected by the optical particle counters.",
author = "Michael Bennett and Christie, {Simon M.} and Angus Graham and Thomas, {Bryony S.} and Vladimir Vishnyakov and Kevin Morris and Peters, {Daniel M.} and Rhys Jones and Cathy Ansell",
year = "2011",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/es1027585",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "3533--3538",
journal = "Environmental Science & Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "8",

}

Bennett, M, Christie, SM, Graham, A, Thomas, BS, Vishnyakov, V, Morris, K, Peters, DM, Jones, R & Ansell, C 2011, 'Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 3533-3538. https://doi.org/10.1021/es1027585

Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. / Bennett, Michael; Christie, Simon M.; Graham, Angus; Thomas, Bryony S.; Vishnyakov, Vladimir; Morris, Kevin; Peters, Daniel M.; Jones, Rhys; Ansell, Cathy.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 45, No. 8, 15.04.2011, p. 3533-3538.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft

AU - Bennett, Michael

AU - Christie, Simon M.

AU - Graham, Angus

AU - Thomas, Bryony S.

AU - Vishnyakov, Vladimir

AU - Morris, Kevin

AU - Peters, Daniel M.

AU - Jones, Rhys

AU - Ansell, Cathy

PY - 2011/4/15

Y1 - 2011/4/15

N2 - A combination of techniques has been used to examine the composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. A sample of dust from the undercarriage from several commercial airliners was examined with SEM/EDX (Scanning Electron Microscope/Energy Dispersive X-ray) to determine its elemental composition and also with an aerosizer/aerodisperser in order to measure the particle size spectrum. The observed size spectrum was bimodal with equal numbers of particles at peaks of aerodynamic diameter ∼10 μm and ∼50 μm. The EDX analysis suggested that the former peak is carbonaceous, while the latter consists of elements typical of an asphalt concrete runway. In the field, a scanning Lidar, in combination with optical and condensation particle counters, was deployed to obtain limits to the number concentration and size of such particles. Most of the (strong) Lidar signal probably arose from the coarser 50 μm aerosol, while respirable aerosol was too sparse to be detected by the optical particle counters.

AB - A combination of techniques has been used to examine the composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. A sample of dust from the undercarriage from several commercial airliners was examined with SEM/EDX (Scanning Electron Microscope/Energy Dispersive X-ray) to determine its elemental composition and also with an aerosizer/aerodisperser in order to measure the particle size spectrum. The observed size spectrum was bimodal with equal numbers of particles at peaks of aerodynamic diameter ∼10 μm and ∼50 μm. The EDX analysis suggested that the former peak is carbonaceous, while the latter consists of elements typical of an asphalt concrete runway. In the field, a scanning Lidar, in combination with optical and condensation particle counters, was deployed to obtain limits to the number concentration and size of such particles. Most of the (strong) Lidar signal probably arose from the coarser 50 μm aerosol, while respirable aerosol was too sparse to be detected by the optical particle counters.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79954512400&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/es1027585

DO - 10.1021/es1027585

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 3533

EP - 3538

JO - Environmental Science & Technology

T2 - Environmental Science & Technology

JF - Environmental Science & Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 8

ER -

Bennett M, Christie SM, Graham A, Thomas BS, Vishnyakov V, Morris K et al. Composition of smoke generated by landing aircraft. Environmental Science and Technology. 2011 Apr 15;45(8):3533-3538. https://doi.org/10.1021/es1027585