A novel generic approach to fatigue crack diagnostics in machinery blades is proposed and employed. The approach consists of simultaneously using two new diagnostic features: the real and imaginary parts of the Fourier transform of vibroacoustical signal generated from a blade. This approach is more generic than traditional approach based on the power spectral density; the power spectral density is a particular case of the proposed approach.
Numerical examples are given based on the processing of signals generated using a nonlinear model of a blade. The signals generated are the resonant vibroacoustical oscillations of cracked and uncracked blades under narrowband vibration excitation. The numerical examples show that the crack detection is more effective when using the new approach than when using the power spectral density approach. The presented experimental results are matched with the numerical results. The proposed approach offers an effectiveness improvement over the traditional approach based on power spectral density.