Construct validity, dimensionality and factorial invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

a bifactor modelling approach among children of prisoners

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background
The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has traditionally been conceptualised as a  unidimensional measure of self-esteem, but empirical evidence is equivocal, with some studies supporting a one-factor solution and others
favouring multidimensional models.

Participants and Procedure
The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure, factorial invariance and composite reliability of the RSES within a European sample of children affected by parental imprisonment (N = 724). The study specified and tested six
alternative factor models using conventional confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) techniques and a confirmatory bifactor modelling approach.

Results
The RSES was most effectively represented by a bifactor model including a  general self-esteem factor comprising all ten scale items and separate method effects for the positively and negatively phrased items. This model was
found to be factorially invariant among boys and girls.
Composite reliability indicated good internal consistency for the general self-esteem dimension but slightly less so for the positive and negative method effects.

Conclusions
It follows that the calculation of a total RSES score is appropriate for children of prisoners, providing that the presence of method effects is taken into consideration to avoid giving rise to false interpretations. This study demonstrated the application of a bifactorial modeling approach as a potential solution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Issues in Personality Psychology
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2014

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@article{dce0c3c0cc2c419ab3b62e74222c816f,
title = "Construct validity, dimensionality and factorial invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: a bifactor modelling approach among children of prisoners",
abstract = "BackgroundThe Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has traditionally been conceptualised as a  unidimensional measure of self-esteem, but empirical evidence is equivocal, with some studies supporting a one-factor solution and othersfavouring multidimensional models.Participants and ProcedureThe aim of this study was to examine the factor structure, factorial invariance and composite reliability of the RSES within a European sample of children affected by parental imprisonment (N = 724). The study specified and tested sixalternative factor models using conventional confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) techniques and a confirmatory bifactor modelling approach.ResultsThe RSES was most effectively represented by a bifactor model including a  general self-esteem factor comprising all ten scale items and separate method effects for the positively and negatively phrased items. This model wasfound to be factorially invariant among boys and girls.Composite reliability indicated good internal consistency for the general self-esteem dimension but slightly less so for the positive and negative method effects.ConclusionsIt follows that the calculation of a total RSES score is appropriate for children of prisoners, providing that the presence of method effects is taken into consideration to avoid giving rise to false interpretations. This study demonstrated the application of a bifactorial modeling approach as a potential solution.",
keywords = "Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), Bifactor modelling, Confirmatory factor analysis, Factorial invariance, Children of prisoners",
author = "Kathryn Sharratt and Daniel Boduszek and Adele Jones and Bernard Gallagher",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "8",
doi = "10.5114/cipp.2014.47447",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "228--236",
journal = "Current Issues in Personality Psychology",
issn = "2353-4192",
publisher = "Termedia Publishing",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Construct validity, dimensionality and factorial invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

T2 - a bifactor modelling approach among children of prisoners

AU - Sharratt, Kathryn

AU - Boduszek, Daniel

AU - Jones, Adele

AU - Gallagher, Bernard

PY - 2014/12/8

Y1 - 2014/12/8

N2 - BackgroundThe Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has traditionally been conceptualised as a  unidimensional measure of self-esteem, but empirical evidence is equivocal, with some studies supporting a one-factor solution and othersfavouring multidimensional models.Participants and ProcedureThe aim of this study was to examine the factor structure, factorial invariance and composite reliability of the RSES within a European sample of children affected by parental imprisonment (N = 724). The study specified and tested sixalternative factor models using conventional confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) techniques and a confirmatory bifactor modelling approach.ResultsThe RSES was most effectively represented by a bifactor model including a  general self-esteem factor comprising all ten scale items and separate method effects for the positively and negatively phrased items. This model wasfound to be factorially invariant among boys and girls.Composite reliability indicated good internal consistency for the general self-esteem dimension but slightly less so for the positive and negative method effects.ConclusionsIt follows that the calculation of a total RSES score is appropriate for children of prisoners, providing that the presence of method effects is taken into consideration to avoid giving rise to false interpretations. This study demonstrated the application of a bifactorial modeling approach as a potential solution.

AB - BackgroundThe Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has traditionally been conceptualised as a  unidimensional measure of self-esteem, but empirical evidence is equivocal, with some studies supporting a one-factor solution and othersfavouring multidimensional models.Participants and ProcedureThe aim of this study was to examine the factor structure, factorial invariance and composite reliability of the RSES within a European sample of children affected by parental imprisonment (N = 724). The study specified and tested sixalternative factor models using conventional confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) techniques and a confirmatory bifactor modelling approach.ResultsThe RSES was most effectively represented by a bifactor model including a  general self-esteem factor comprising all ten scale items and separate method effects for the positively and negatively phrased items. This model wasfound to be factorially invariant among boys and girls.Composite reliability indicated good internal consistency for the general self-esteem dimension but slightly less so for the positive and negative method effects.ConclusionsIt follows that the calculation of a total RSES score is appropriate for children of prisoners, providing that the presence of method effects is taken into consideration to avoid giving rise to false interpretations. This study demonstrated the application of a bifactorial modeling approach as a potential solution.

KW - Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES)

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KW - Confirmatory factor analysis

KW - Factorial invariance

KW - Children of prisoners

U2 - 10.5114/cipp.2014.47447

DO - 10.5114/cipp.2014.47447

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JO - Current Issues in Personality Psychology

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SN - 2353-4192

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