Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia: The costs of control in Central/Southern Africa

R. S. Windsor, A. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony (M. mycoides) has been endemic in many parts of Africa for the greater part of this century. Because of an international vaccination campaign the disease was almost eliminated from the continent. With the deteriorating economic situation of many countries, vaccination programs have been allowed to slip; drought conditions have resulted in great movements of livestock and the disease has spread rapidly to the east and south. For Government Veterinary Departments, the implications of this resurgence of CBPP, are serious. The costs threaten to overwhelm completely under-funded government services. Where cost-recovery measures are introduced, the charging for vaccines may damage rapport with communities and erode the credibility of the government services. Farmers may find the loss of cattle and the costs of vaccine severe burdens which threaten their livelihoods and social well-being (Zambia) and even, in extreme cases, their survival (Botswana). Controlling the disease today presents new possibilities which include increased cross-border collaboration (Malawi/Tanzania), increased emphasis on monitoring (N. Zambia) and the greater involvement of communities in disease control (W. Zambia).

LanguageEnglish
Pages299-306
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume849
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Contagious Pleuropneumonia
Central Africa
Southern Africa
Cost Control
Zambia
Vaccines
Costs and Cost Analysis
Disease control
Costs
Mycoplasma mycoides
Drought
Botswana
Malawi
Immunization Programs
Agriculture
Tanzania
Droughts
Livestock
Recovery
Economics

Cite this

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abstract = "Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony (M. mycoides) has been endemic in many parts of Africa for the greater part of this century. Because of an international vaccination campaign the disease was almost eliminated from the continent. With the deteriorating economic situation of many countries, vaccination programs have been allowed to slip; drought conditions have resulted in great movements of livestock and the disease has spread rapidly to the east and south. For Government Veterinary Departments, the implications of this resurgence of CBPP, are serious. The costs threaten to overwhelm completely under-funded government services. Where cost-recovery measures are introduced, the charging for vaccines may damage rapport with communities and erode the credibility of the government services. Farmers may find the loss of cattle and the costs of vaccine severe burdens which threaten their livelihoods and social well-being (Zambia) and even, in extreme cases, their survival (Botswana). Controlling the disease today presents new possibilities which include increased cross-border collaboration (Malawi/Tanzania), increased emphasis on monitoring (N. Zambia) and the greater involvement of communities in disease control (W. Zambia).",
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Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia : The costs of control in Central/Southern Africa. / Windsor, R. S.; Wood, A.

In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 849, 1998, p. 299-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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