Contributions of declarative and procedural memory to accuracy and automatization during second language practice

Diana Pili-Moss, Katherine Brill-Schuetz, Mandy Faretta-Stutenberg, Kara Morgan-Short

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Extending previous research that has examined the relationship between long-term memory and second language (L2) development with a primary focus on accuracy in L2 outcomes, the current study explores the relationship between declarative and procedural memory and accuracy and automatization during L2 practice. Adult English native speakers had learned an artificial language over two weeks (Morgan-Short, Faretta-Stutenberg, Brill-Schuetz, Carpenter & Wong, 2014), producing four sessions of practice data that had not been analyzed previously. Mixed-effects models analyses revealed that declarative memory was positively related to accuracy during comprehension practice. No other relationships were evidenced for accuracy. For automatization, measured by the coefficient of variation (Segalowitz, 2010), the model revealed a positive relationship with procedural memory that became stronger over practice for learners with higher declarative memory but weaker for learners with lower declarative memory. These results provide further insight into the role that long-term memory plays during L2 development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBilingualism: Language and Cognition
Early online date1 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

language
Language Practices
Procedural Memory
Declarative Memory
comprehension
Long-term Memory
Artificial Language
Language
Mixed Effects Model
Native Speaker

Cite this

Pili-Moss, Diana ; Brill-Schuetz, Katherine ; Faretta-Stutenberg, Mandy ; Morgan-Short, Kara. / Contributions of declarative and procedural memory to accuracy and automatization during second language practice. In: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 2019.
@article{33b57de30ab24d158df3e5d76f27c854,
title = "Contributions of declarative and procedural memory to accuracy and automatization during second language practice",
abstract = "Extending previous research that has examined the relationship between long-term memory and second language (L2) development with a primary focus on accuracy in L2 outcomes, the current study explores the relationship between declarative and procedural memory and accuracy and automatization during L2 practice. Adult English native speakers had learned an artificial language over two weeks (Morgan-Short, Faretta-Stutenberg, Brill-Schuetz, Carpenter & Wong, 2014), producing four sessions of practice data that had not been analyzed previously. Mixed-effects models analyses revealed that declarative memory was positively related to accuracy during comprehension practice. No other relationships were evidenced for accuracy. For automatization, measured by the coefficient of variation (Segalowitz, 2010), the model revealed a positive relationship with procedural memory that became stronger over practice for learners with higher declarative memory but weaker for learners with lower declarative memory. These results provide further insight into the role that long-term memory plays during L2 development.",
keywords = "declarative memory, procedural memory, L2 individual differences, L2 practice, L2 automatization",
author = "Diana Pili-Moss and Katherine Brill-Schuetz and Mandy Faretta-Stutenberg and Kara Morgan-Short",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S1366728919000543",
language = "English",
journal = "Bilingualism: Language and Cognition",
issn = "1366-7289",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

Contributions of declarative and procedural memory to accuracy and automatization during second language practice. / Pili-Moss, Diana; Brill-Schuetz, Katherine; Faretta-Stutenberg, Mandy; Morgan-Short, Kara.

In: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 01.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contributions of declarative and procedural memory to accuracy and automatization during second language practice

AU - Pili-Moss, Diana

AU - Brill-Schuetz, Katherine

AU - Faretta-Stutenberg, Mandy

AU - Morgan-Short, Kara

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Extending previous research that has examined the relationship between long-term memory and second language (L2) development with a primary focus on accuracy in L2 outcomes, the current study explores the relationship between declarative and procedural memory and accuracy and automatization during L2 practice. Adult English native speakers had learned an artificial language over two weeks (Morgan-Short, Faretta-Stutenberg, Brill-Schuetz, Carpenter & Wong, 2014), producing four sessions of practice data that had not been analyzed previously. Mixed-effects models analyses revealed that declarative memory was positively related to accuracy during comprehension practice. No other relationships were evidenced for accuracy. For automatization, measured by the coefficient of variation (Segalowitz, 2010), the model revealed a positive relationship with procedural memory that became stronger over practice for learners with higher declarative memory but weaker for learners with lower declarative memory. These results provide further insight into the role that long-term memory plays during L2 development.

AB - Extending previous research that has examined the relationship between long-term memory and second language (L2) development with a primary focus on accuracy in L2 outcomes, the current study explores the relationship between declarative and procedural memory and accuracy and automatization during L2 practice. Adult English native speakers had learned an artificial language over two weeks (Morgan-Short, Faretta-Stutenberg, Brill-Schuetz, Carpenter & Wong, 2014), producing four sessions of practice data that had not been analyzed previously. Mixed-effects models analyses revealed that declarative memory was positively related to accuracy during comprehension practice. No other relationships were evidenced for accuracy. For automatization, measured by the coefficient of variation (Segalowitz, 2010), the model revealed a positive relationship with procedural memory that became stronger over practice for learners with higher declarative memory but weaker for learners with lower declarative memory. These results provide further insight into the role that long-term memory plays during L2 development.

KW - declarative memory

KW - procedural memory

KW - L2 individual differences

KW - L2 practice

KW - L2 automatization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073026239&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S1366728919000543

DO - 10.1017/S1366728919000543

M3 - Article

JO - Bilingualism: Language and Cognition

JF - Bilingualism: Language and Cognition

SN - 1366-7289

ER -