Convergence clustering in the Chinese provinces: New evidence from several macroeconomic indicators

Giray Gozgor, Chi Keung Lau, Zhou Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In this paper, the convergence clustering in 31 Chinese provinces regarding several important economic indicators over the period 1952 to 2016 was empirically investigated. Several provincial clusters were identified in the per capita (real) gross domestic product (GDP), consumption–income ratio, retail price, and consumer price inflation rates, using a club convergence and clustering procedure. The empirical findings are as follows. First, it was found that all series of the original data contain a significant nonlinear component. Second, it was observed that there are five significant clusters for the per capita income in China. Third, it was found that there are four significant clusters for the consumption–income ratio. Fourth, it was observed that there are four significant clusters for the retail inflation rates and two significant clusters for the consumer inflation rates in China. These results will enable local and central planners to implement economic growth, savings and price adjustment policies for different groups of provinces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1331-1346
Number of pages16
JournalReview of Development Economics
Issue number3
Early online date11 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


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