Corrosion‐Resistant Ternary Carbides For Use in Heavy Liquid Metal Coolants

K. Lambrinou, T. Lapauw, A. Jianu, A. Weisenburger, J. Ejenstam, P. Szakálos, J. Wallenius, E. Ström, K. Vanmeensel, J. Vleugels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A primary concern in the development of accelerator-driven systems (ADS) with liquid leadbismuth eutectic (LBE) spallation target and Gen-IV lead-cooled fast reactors (LFRs) is the compatibility of the candidate structural steels with the heavy liquid metal (HLM) coolant In the accelerator-driven system MYRRHA, the envisaged primary coolant is liquid LBE, a potentially corrosive environment for various nuclear grade steels. The inherent LBE corrosiveness is the driving force behind diverse research incentives aiming at the development of corrosion-resistant materials for specific applications. I3ue to their superb corrosion resistance in contact with liquid LBE, MAX phases are currently being assessed as candidate materials for the construction of pump impellers suitable for MYRRHA and Gen-IV LFRs. In the case of the MYRRHA nuclear system, the pump impeller will be called to operate reliably at ∼270°C in contact with moderately-oxygenated (concentration of dissolved oxygen: [O] ≥ 7×10-7 mass%), fast-flowing LBE (LBE flow velocity: v ≈ 10-20 m/s locally on the impeller surface). Selected MAX phases are currently being screened with respect to their capability of meeting the targeted material property requirements, especially the enhanced erosion resistance requested by this particular application. This work gives a state-of-the-art overview of the processing and characterisation of selected MAX phases that are screened as candidate structural materials for the MYRRHA pump impeller. All considered MAX phases were produced via a powder metallurgical route and their performance was assessed by various mechanical tests in air/vacuum and corrosion/erosion tests in liquid LBE.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCeramic Materials for Energy Applications V
Subtitle of host publicationCeramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2015
EditorsJosef Matyáš, Yutai Katoh, Hua-Tay Lin, Alberto Vomiero, Jingyang Wang, Soshu Kirihara
PublisherAmerican Ceramic Society
Pages19-34
Number of pages16
Volume36
Edition7
ISBN (Electronic)9781119211709
ISBN (Print)9781119211693
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventCeramic Materials for Energy Applications V - 39th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, ICACC 2015 - Daytona Beach, United States
Duration: 25 Jan 201530 Jan 2015

Publication series

NameCeramic Engineering and Science Proceedings
PublisherAmerican Ceramic Society
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6339

Conference

ConferenceCeramic Materials for Energy Applications V - 39th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, ICACC 2015
CountryUnited States
CityDaytona Beach
Period25/01/1530/01/15

Fingerprint

Liquid metals
Coolants
Eutectics
Carbides
Fast reactors
Steel
Liquids
Pumps
Particle accelerators
Erosion
Lead
Corrosion
Caustics
Impellers
Dissolved oxygen
Flow velocity
Powders
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Corrosion resistance
Materials properties

Cite this

Lambrinou, K., Lapauw, T., Jianu, A., Weisenburger, A., Ejenstam, J., Szakálos, P., ... Vleugels, J. (2015). Corrosion‐Resistant Ternary Carbides For Use in Heavy Liquid Metal Coolants. In J. Matyáš, Y. Katoh, H-T. Lin, A. Vomiero, J. Wang, & S. Kirihara (Eds.), Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications V: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2015 (7 ed., Vol. 36, pp. 19-34). (Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings). American Ceramic Society. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119211709.ch3
Lambrinou, K. ; Lapauw, T. ; Jianu, A. ; Weisenburger, A. ; Ejenstam, J. ; Szakálos, P. ; Wallenius, J. ; Ström, E. ; Vanmeensel, K. ; Vleugels, J. / Corrosion‐Resistant Ternary Carbides For Use in Heavy Liquid Metal Coolants. Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications V: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2015. editor / Josef Matyáš ; Yutai Katoh ; Hua-Tay Lin ; Alberto Vomiero ; Jingyang Wang ; Soshu Kirihara. Vol. 36 7. ed. American Ceramic Society, 2015. pp. 19-34 (Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings).
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Lambrinou, K, Lapauw, T, Jianu, A, Weisenburger, A, Ejenstam, J, Szakálos, P, Wallenius, J, Ström, E, Vanmeensel, K & Vleugels, J 2015, Corrosion‐Resistant Ternary Carbides For Use in Heavy Liquid Metal Coolants. in J Matyáš, Y Katoh, H-T Lin, A Vomiero, J Wang & S Kirihara (eds), Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications V: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2015. 7 edn, vol. 36, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, American Ceramic Society, pp. 19-34, Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications V - 39th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, ICACC 2015, Daytona Beach, United States, 25/01/15. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119211709.ch3

Corrosion‐Resistant Ternary Carbides For Use in Heavy Liquid Metal Coolants. / Lambrinou, K.; Lapauw, T.; Jianu, A.; Weisenburger, A.; Ejenstam, J.; Szakálos, P.; Wallenius, J.; Ström, E.; Vanmeensel, K.; Vleugels, J.

Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications V: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2015. ed. / Josef Matyáš; Yutai Katoh; Hua-Tay Lin; Alberto Vomiero; Jingyang Wang; Soshu Kirihara. Vol. 36 7. ed. American Ceramic Society, 2015. p. 19-34 (Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Lambrinou, K.

AU - Lapauw, T.

AU - Jianu, A.

AU - Weisenburger, A.

AU - Ejenstam, J.

AU - Szakálos, P.

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AU - Ström, E.

AU - Vanmeensel, K.

AU - Vleugels, J.

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N2 - A primary concern in the development of accelerator-driven systems (ADS) with liquid leadbismuth eutectic (LBE) spallation target and Gen-IV lead-cooled fast reactors (LFRs) is the compatibility of the candidate structural steels with the heavy liquid metal (HLM) coolant In the accelerator-driven system MYRRHA, the envisaged primary coolant is liquid LBE, a potentially corrosive environment for various nuclear grade steels. The inherent LBE corrosiveness is the driving force behind diverse research incentives aiming at the development of corrosion-resistant materials for specific applications. I3ue to their superb corrosion resistance in contact with liquid LBE, MAX phases are currently being assessed as candidate materials for the construction of pump impellers suitable for MYRRHA and Gen-IV LFRs. In the case of the MYRRHA nuclear system, the pump impeller will be called to operate reliably at ∼270°C in contact with moderately-oxygenated (concentration of dissolved oxygen: [O] ≥ 7×10-7 mass%), fast-flowing LBE (LBE flow velocity: v ≈ 10-20 m/s locally on the impeller surface). Selected MAX phases are currently being screened with respect to their capability of meeting the targeted material property requirements, especially the enhanced erosion resistance requested by this particular application. This work gives a state-of-the-art overview of the processing and characterisation of selected MAX phases that are screened as candidate structural materials for the MYRRHA pump impeller. All considered MAX phases were produced via a powder metallurgical route and their performance was assessed by various mechanical tests in air/vacuum and corrosion/erosion tests in liquid LBE.

AB - A primary concern in the development of accelerator-driven systems (ADS) with liquid leadbismuth eutectic (LBE) spallation target and Gen-IV lead-cooled fast reactors (LFRs) is the compatibility of the candidate structural steels with the heavy liquid metal (HLM) coolant In the accelerator-driven system MYRRHA, the envisaged primary coolant is liquid LBE, a potentially corrosive environment for various nuclear grade steels. The inherent LBE corrosiveness is the driving force behind diverse research incentives aiming at the development of corrosion-resistant materials for specific applications. I3ue to their superb corrosion resistance in contact with liquid LBE, MAX phases are currently being assessed as candidate materials for the construction of pump impellers suitable for MYRRHA and Gen-IV LFRs. In the case of the MYRRHA nuclear system, the pump impeller will be called to operate reliably at ∼270°C in contact with moderately-oxygenated (concentration of dissolved oxygen: [O] ≥ 7×10-7 mass%), fast-flowing LBE (LBE flow velocity: v ≈ 10-20 m/s locally on the impeller surface). Selected MAX phases are currently being screened with respect to their capability of meeting the targeted material property requirements, especially the enhanced erosion resistance requested by this particular application. This work gives a state-of-the-art overview of the processing and characterisation of selected MAX phases that are screened as candidate structural materials for the MYRRHA pump impeller. All considered MAX phases were produced via a powder metallurgical route and their performance was assessed by various mechanical tests in air/vacuum and corrosion/erosion tests in liquid LBE.

KW - Corrosion-resistant ternary carbine

KW - Erosion test

KW - Nuclear grade steel

KW - Accelerator-driven system

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BT - Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications V

A2 - Matyáš, Josef

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A2 - Kirihara, Soshu

PB - American Ceramic Society

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Lambrinou K, Lapauw T, Jianu A, Weisenburger A, Ejenstam J, Szakálos P et al. Corrosion‐Resistant Ternary Carbides For Use in Heavy Liquid Metal Coolants. In Matyáš J, Katoh Y, Lin H-T, Vomiero A, Wang J, Kirihara S, editors, Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications V: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 2015. 7 ed. Vol. 36. American Ceramic Society. 2015. p. 19-34. (Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119211709.ch3