|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice|
|Editors||Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publisher||Springer New York|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Oct 2013|
This entry examines how crime concentrates and is potentially specialized within and around the public transport system. It begins by defining public transport for the purposes of this discussion and outlines why this is an area of importance. It also discusses some of the reasons why there is a paucity of evidence into crime on public transport and the unique challenges this system poses for identifying and analyzing concentrations of crime. It describes how public transport networks provide a number of unique settings (places and times) across which crime and disorder can occur. These include in and around stations and stops and on board moving vehicles. The public transport network brings increased accessibility to places, and this creates distinctive patterns of offending. This entry reviews the international evidence for the manifestations of crime in these situations and considers the theoretical reasons and explanations for such events and the extent to which these may be specialized. It then examines the prevention opportunities offered by the crime concentrations and specializations identified and some emerging trends and future avenues for research.