Current Context of Transport Sector in South Asia: Recommendations Towards a Sustainable Transportation System

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose:
Given the current focus on sustainable development, there is a need to identify the current status of the transport sector in developing countries and the obstacles to the development of a sustainable transport system. Thus, this paper aims to provide a critical review on what needs to be done in such countries towards a sustainable transportation system. The focus of the paper will be on the South Asian context. In order to achieve the aim, the paper examines the current issues, the policy context and the key actions required in the countries selected in South Asia (i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal).

Design/Methodology/Approach:
The main method used for the project was a combination of semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In addition, a policy analysis was also carried out with a use of secondary data. Altogether 348 interviews and 16 focus groups (with 157 participants) were carried out in the selected 06 countries. Although the purpose of the research methods was to carry out a situational analysis of each country mentioned above on seven societal challenges identified under the EU’s Horizon 2020 research programme, this paper only focuses on presenting the findings relating to sustainable transport.

Findings:
Findings reveal that South Asian countries need to improve different aspects of their transportation sector, starting from national level transportation policies. Sustainable transportation is not merely about mobility but also about creating safer, convenient and environmentally friendly transportation systems. Some key actions needed for these include introducing driver and passenger safety regulations, establishing vehicle emissions test centres to reduce CO2 emissions, and introducing public-private partnerships where useful.

Originality/Value:
This study provides a robust policy direction towards the introduction/improvement of a sustainable transportation system in South Asian countries.
LanguageEnglish
Pages490-505
Number of pages16
JournalBuilt Environment Project and Asset Management
Volume7
Issue number5
Early online date1 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Developing countries
South Asia
Sustainable development
Sustainable transport
Asian countries
Focus groups
Transportation policy
Design methodology
Nepal
Research program
Bangladesh
CO2 emissions
Public-private partnerships
Secondary data
Pakistan
Structured interview
Asia
Afghanistan
Research methods
Sri Lanka

Cite this

@article{406265bdefbb4aeea792d50e5b249e4d,
title = "Current Context of Transport Sector in South Asia: Recommendations Towards a Sustainable Transportation System",
abstract = "Purpose:Given the current focus on sustainable development, there is a need to identify the current status of the transport sector in developing countries and the obstacles to the development of a sustainable transport system. Thus, this paper aims to provide a critical review on what needs to be done in such countries towards a sustainable transportation system. The focus of the paper will be on the South Asian context. In order to achieve the aim, the paper examines the current issues, the policy context and the key actions required in the countries selected in South Asia (i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal).Design/Methodology/Approach:The main method used for the project was a combination of semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In addition, a policy analysis was also carried out with a use of secondary data. Altogether 348 interviews and 16 focus groups (with 157 participants) were carried out in the selected 06 countries. Although the purpose of the research methods was to carry out a situational analysis of each country mentioned above on seven societal challenges identified under the EU’s Horizon 2020 research programme, this paper only focuses on presenting the findings relating to sustainable transport.Findings:Findings reveal that South Asian countries need to improve different aspects of their transportation sector, starting from national level transportation policies. Sustainable transportation is not merely about mobility but also about creating safer, convenient and environmentally friendly transportation systems. Some key actions needed for these include introducing driver and passenger safety regulations, establishing vehicle emissions test centres to reduce CO2 emissions, and introducing public-private partnerships where useful.Originality/Value:This study provides a robust policy direction towards the introduction/improvement of a sustainable transportation system in South Asian countries.",
keywords = "Government policies, Mobility, Safety, South Asia, Sustainable transport, Safety measures, Key actions",
author = "Champika Liyanage and Mahawattha Dias and Dilanthi Amaratunga and Richard Haigh",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1108/BEPAM-10-2016-0051",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "490--505",
journal = "Built Environment Project and Asset Management",
issn = "2044-124X",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Current Context of Transport Sector in South Asia

T2 - Built Environment Project and Asset Management

AU - Liyanage, Champika

AU - Dias, Mahawattha

AU - Amaratunga, Dilanthi

AU - Haigh, Richard

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Purpose:Given the current focus on sustainable development, there is a need to identify the current status of the transport sector in developing countries and the obstacles to the development of a sustainable transport system. Thus, this paper aims to provide a critical review on what needs to be done in such countries towards a sustainable transportation system. The focus of the paper will be on the South Asian context. In order to achieve the aim, the paper examines the current issues, the policy context and the key actions required in the countries selected in South Asia (i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal).Design/Methodology/Approach:The main method used for the project was a combination of semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In addition, a policy analysis was also carried out with a use of secondary data. Altogether 348 interviews and 16 focus groups (with 157 participants) were carried out in the selected 06 countries. Although the purpose of the research methods was to carry out a situational analysis of each country mentioned above on seven societal challenges identified under the EU’s Horizon 2020 research programme, this paper only focuses on presenting the findings relating to sustainable transport.Findings:Findings reveal that South Asian countries need to improve different aspects of their transportation sector, starting from national level transportation policies. Sustainable transportation is not merely about mobility but also about creating safer, convenient and environmentally friendly transportation systems. Some key actions needed for these include introducing driver and passenger safety regulations, establishing vehicle emissions test centres to reduce CO2 emissions, and introducing public-private partnerships where useful.Originality/Value:This study provides a robust policy direction towards the introduction/improvement of a sustainable transportation system in South Asian countries.

AB - Purpose:Given the current focus on sustainable development, there is a need to identify the current status of the transport sector in developing countries and the obstacles to the development of a sustainable transport system. Thus, this paper aims to provide a critical review on what needs to be done in such countries towards a sustainable transportation system. The focus of the paper will be on the South Asian context. In order to achieve the aim, the paper examines the current issues, the policy context and the key actions required in the countries selected in South Asia (i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal).Design/Methodology/Approach:The main method used for the project was a combination of semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In addition, a policy analysis was also carried out with a use of secondary data. Altogether 348 interviews and 16 focus groups (with 157 participants) were carried out in the selected 06 countries. Although the purpose of the research methods was to carry out a situational analysis of each country mentioned above on seven societal challenges identified under the EU’s Horizon 2020 research programme, this paper only focuses on presenting the findings relating to sustainable transport.Findings:Findings reveal that South Asian countries need to improve different aspects of their transportation sector, starting from national level transportation policies. Sustainable transportation is not merely about mobility but also about creating safer, convenient and environmentally friendly transportation systems. Some key actions needed for these include introducing driver and passenger safety regulations, establishing vehicle emissions test centres to reduce CO2 emissions, and introducing public-private partnerships where useful.Originality/Value:This study provides a robust policy direction towards the introduction/improvement of a sustainable transportation system in South Asian countries.

KW - Government policies

KW - Mobility

KW - Safety

KW - South Asia

KW - Sustainable transport

KW - Safety measures

KW - Key actions

U2 - 10.1108/BEPAM-10-2016-0051

DO - 10.1108/BEPAM-10-2016-0051

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 490

EP - 505

JO - Built Environment Project and Asset Management

JF - Built Environment Project and Asset Management

SN - 2044-124X

IS - 5

ER -