Cyber-Security Incidents: A Review Cases in Cyber-Physical Systems

Mohammed Nasser Al-Mhiqani, Rabiah Ahmad, Warusia Yassin, Aslinda Hassan, Zaheera Zainal Abidin, Nabeel Salih Ali, Karrar Hameed Abdulkareem

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


Cyber-Physical Systems refer to systems that have an interaction between computers, communication channels and physical devices to solve a real-world problem. Towards industry 4.0 revolution, Cyber-Physical Systems currently become one of the main targets of hackers and any damage to them lead to high losses to a nation. According to valid resources, several cases reported involved security breaches on Cyber-Physical Systems. Understanding fundamental and theoretical concept of security in the digital world was discussed worldwide. Yet, security cases in regard to the cyber-physical system are still remaining less explored. In addition, limited tools were introduced to overcome security problems in Cyber-Physical System. To improve understanding and introduce a lot more security solutions for the cyber-physical system, the study on this matter is highly on demand. In this paper, we investigate the current threats on Cyber-Physical Systems and propose a classification and matrix for these threats, and conduct a simple statistical analysis of the collected data using a quantitative approach. We confirmed four components i.e., (the type of attack, impact, intention and incident categories) main contributor to threat taxonomy of Cyber-Physical Systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
Pages (from-to)499-508
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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