Vehicles are currently being developed and sold with increasing levels of connectivity and automation. As with all networked computing devices, increased connectivity often results in a heightened risk of a cyber security attack. Furthermore, increased automation exacerbates any risk by increasing the opportunities for the adversary to implement a successful attack. In this paper, a large volume of publicly accessible literature is reviewed and compartmentalized based on the vulnerabilities identified and mitigation techniques developed. This review highlighted that the majority of studies are reactive and vulnerabilities are often discovered by friendly adversaries (white-hat hackers). Many gaps in the knowledge base were identified. Priority should be given to address these knowledge gaps to minimize future cyber security risks in the connected and autonomous vehicle sector.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems|
|Early online date||6 Mar 2017|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2017|
Parkinson, S., Ward, P., Wilson, K., & Miller, J. (2017). Cyber Threats Facing Autonomous and Connected Vehicles: Future Challenges. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 18(11), 2898-2915. https://doi.org/10.1109/TITS.2017.2665968