Daily Distribution of Macronutrient Intakes of Professional Soccer Players from the English Premier League

Liam Anderson, Robert Naughton, Graeme L. Close, Rocco Di Michele, Ryland Morgans, Barry Drust, James P. Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The daily distribution of macronutrient intake can modulate aspects of training adaptations, performance and recovery. We therefore assessed the daily distribution of macronutrient intake (as assessed using food diaries supported by the remote food photographic method and 24 h recalls) of professional soccer players (n=6) of the English Premier League during a 7-day period consisting of two match days and five training days. On match days, average carbohydrate (CHO) content of the pre-match (<1.5 g.kg-1 body mass) and post-match (1 g.kg-1 body mass) meals (in recovery from an evening kick-off) were similar (P>0.05) though such intakes were lower than contemporary guidelines considered optimal for pre-match CHO intake and post-match recovery. On training days, we observed a skewed and hierarchical approach (P<0.05 for all comparisons) to protein feeding such that dinner (0.8 g.kg-1)>lunch (0.6 g.kg-1)>breakfast (0.3 g.kg-1)>evening snacks (0.1 g.kg-1). We conclude players may benefit from consuming greater amounts of CHO in both the pre-match and post-match meals so as to increase CHO availability and maximize rates of muscle glycogen re-synthesis, respectively. Furthermore, attention should also be given to ensuring even daily distribution of protein intake so as to potentially promote components of training adaptation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-498
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume27
Issue number6
Early online date1 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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