Dashboards for improving patient care: Review of the literature

Dawn Dowding, Rebecca Randell, Peter Gardner, Geraldine Fitzpatrick, Patricia Dykes, Jesus Favela, Susan Hamer, Zac Whitewood-Moores, Nicholas Hardiker, Elizabeth Borycki, Leanne Currie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim:
This review aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of evidence for the use of clinical and quality dashboards in health care environments.

Methods:
A literature search was performed for the dates 1996–2012 on CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsychInfo, Science Direct and ACM Digital Library. A citation search and a hand search of relevant papers were also conducted.

Results:
One hundred and twenty two full text papers were retrieved of which 11 were included in the review. There was considerable heterogeneity in implementation setting, dashboard users and indicators used. There was evidence that in contexts where dashboards were easily accessible to clinicians (such as in the form of a screen saver) their use was associated with improved care processes and patient outcomes.

Conclusion:
There is some evidence that implementing clinical and/or quality dashboards that provide immediate access to information for clinicians can improve adherence to quality guidelines and may help improve patient outcomes. However, further high quality detailed research studies need to be conducted to obtain evidence of their efficacy and establish guidelines for their design.
LanguageEnglish
Pages87-100
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Informatics
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Patient Care
Library Science
Digital Libraries
Guidelines
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Delivery of Health Care
Research

Cite this

Dowding, D., Randell, R., Gardner, P., Fitzpatrick, G., Dykes, P., Favela, J., ... Currie, L. (2015). Dashboards for improving patient care: Review of the literature. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 84(2), 87-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2014.10.001
Dowding, Dawn ; Randell, Rebecca ; Gardner, Peter ; Fitzpatrick, Geraldine ; Dykes, Patricia ; Favela, Jesus ; Hamer, Susan ; Whitewood-Moores, Zac ; Hardiker, Nicholas ; Borycki, Elizabeth ; Currie, Leanne. / Dashboards for improving patient care : Review of the literature. In: International Journal of Medical Informatics. 2015 ; Vol. 84, No. 2. pp. 87-100.
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abstract = "Aim:This review aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of evidence for the use of clinical and quality dashboards in health care environments.Methods:A literature search was performed for the dates 1996–2012 on CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsychInfo, Science Direct and ACM Digital Library. A citation search and a hand search of relevant papers were also conducted.Results:One hundred and twenty two full text papers were retrieved of which 11 were included in the review. There was considerable heterogeneity in implementation setting, dashboard users and indicators used. There was evidence that in contexts where dashboards were easily accessible to clinicians (such as in the form of a screen saver) their use was associated with improved care processes and patient outcomes.Conclusion:There is some evidence that implementing clinical and/or quality dashboards that provide immediate access to information for clinicians can improve adherence to quality guidelines and may help improve patient outcomes. However, further high quality detailed research studies need to be conducted to obtain evidence of their efficacy and establish guidelines for their design.",
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Dowding, D, Randell, R, Gardner, P, Fitzpatrick, G, Dykes, P, Favela, J, Hamer, S, Whitewood-Moores, Z, Hardiker, N, Borycki, E & Currie, L 2015, 'Dashboards for improving patient care: Review of the literature', International Journal of Medical Informatics, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 87-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2014.10.001

Dashboards for improving patient care : Review of the literature. / Dowding, Dawn; Randell, Rebecca; Gardner, Peter; Fitzpatrick, Geraldine; Dykes, Patricia; Favela, Jesus; Hamer, Susan; Whitewood-Moores, Zac; Hardiker, Nicholas; Borycki, Elizabeth; Currie, Leanne.

In: International Journal of Medical Informatics, Vol. 84, No. 2, 2015, p. 87-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Dashboards for improving patient care

T2 - International Journal of Medical Informatics

AU - Dowding, Dawn

AU - Randell, Rebecca

AU - Gardner, Peter

AU - Fitzpatrick, Geraldine

AU - Dykes, Patricia

AU - Favela, Jesus

AU - Hamer, Susan

AU - Whitewood-Moores, Zac

AU - Hardiker, Nicholas

AU - Borycki, Elizabeth

AU - Currie, Leanne

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Aim:This review aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of evidence for the use of clinical and quality dashboards in health care environments.Methods:A literature search was performed for the dates 1996–2012 on CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsychInfo, Science Direct and ACM Digital Library. A citation search and a hand search of relevant papers were also conducted.Results:One hundred and twenty two full text papers were retrieved of which 11 were included in the review. There was considerable heterogeneity in implementation setting, dashboard users and indicators used. There was evidence that in contexts where dashboards were easily accessible to clinicians (such as in the form of a screen saver) their use was associated with improved care processes and patient outcomes.Conclusion:There is some evidence that implementing clinical and/or quality dashboards that provide immediate access to information for clinicians can improve adherence to quality guidelines and may help improve patient outcomes. However, further high quality detailed research studies need to be conducted to obtain evidence of their efficacy and establish guidelines for their design.

AB - Aim:This review aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of evidence for the use of clinical and quality dashboards in health care environments.Methods:A literature search was performed for the dates 1996–2012 on CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsychInfo, Science Direct and ACM Digital Library. A citation search and a hand search of relevant papers were also conducted.Results:One hundred and twenty two full text papers were retrieved of which 11 were included in the review. There was considerable heterogeneity in implementation setting, dashboard users and indicators used. There was evidence that in contexts where dashboards were easily accessible to clinicians (such as in the form of a screen saver) their use was associated with improved care processes and patient outcomes.Conclusion:There is some evidence that implementing clinical and/or quality dashboards that provide immediate access to information for clinicians can improve adherence to quality guidelines and may help improve patient outcomes. However, further high quality detailed research studies need to be conducted to obtain evidence of their efficacy and establish guidelines for their design.

KW - Clinical dashboard

KW - Quality indicators

KW - Health care

KW - Decision support systems, clinical

KW - Decision making

KW - Computer assisted

KW - Performance measurement

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JF - International Journal of Medical Informatics

SN - 1386-5056

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