Decomposition and entomological colonization of charred bodies-a pilot study

Stefano Vanin, Emma Zanotti, Daniele Gibelli, Anna Taborelli, Salvatore Andreola, Cristina Cattaneo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To use forensic entomological approach to estimate the post mortem interval (PMI) in burnt remains. Methods: Two experiments were performed in a field in the outskirts of Milan, in winter and summer 2007. Four 60- kg pigs were used: two for each experiment. One pig carcass was burnt until it reached the level 2-3 of the Glassman- Crow scale and the not-burnt carcass was used as a control. In order to describe the decomposition process and to collect the data useful for minimum PMI estimation, macroscopic, histological, and entomological analyses were performed. Results: In the winter part of the experiment, the first insect activity on the burnt carcass began in the third week (Calliphora vomitoria) and at the beginning of the fourth week an increase in the number of species was observed. In the summer part, adult flies and first instar maggots (Phormia regina) appeared a few minutes/hours after the carcass exposure. Both in winter and summer, flies belonging to the first colonization wave (Calliphoridae) appeared on burnt and control pigs at the same time, whereas other species (Diptera and Coleoptera) appeared earlier on burnt pigs. Conclusion: In forensic practice, burnt bodies are among the most neglected fields of entomological research, since they are supposed to be an inadequate substratum for insect colonization. Entomological approach for PMI estimation proved to be useful, although further studies on larger samples are needed.

LanguageEnglish
Pages387-393
Number of pages7
JournalCroatian Medical Journal
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Swine
Diptera
Insects
Crows
Beetles
Larva
Research

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Vanin, S., Zanotti, E., Gibelli, D., Taborelli, A., Andreola, S., & Cattaneo, C. (2013). Decomposition and entomological colonization of charred bodies-a pilot study. Croatian Medical Journal, 54(4), 387-393. https://doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2013.54.387
Vanin, Stefano ; Zanotti, Emma ; Gibelli, Daniele ; Taborelli, Anna ; Andreola, Salvatore ; Cattaneo, Cristina. / Decomposition and entomological colonization of charred bodies-a pilot study. In: Croatian Medical Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 54, No. 4. pp. 387-393.
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abstract = "Aim: To use forensic entomological approach to estimate the post mortem interval (PMI) in burnt remains. Methods: Two experiments were performed in a field in the outskirts of Milan, in winter and summer 2007. Four 60- kg pigs were used: two for each experiment. One pig carcass was burnt until it reached the level 2-3 of the Glassman- Crow scale and the not-burnt carcass was used as a control. In order to describe the decomposition process and to collect the data useful for minimum PMI estimation, macroscopic, histological, and entomological analyses were performed. Results: In the winter part of the experiment, the first insect activity on the burnt carcass began in the third week (Calliphora vomitoria) and at the beginning of the fourth week an increase in the number of species was observed. In the summer part, adult flies and first instar maggots (Phormia regina) appeared a few minutes/hours after the carcass exposure. Both in winter and summer, flies belonging to the first colonization wave (Calliphoridae) appeared on burnt and control pigs at the same time, whereas other species (Diptera and Coleoptera) appeared earlier on burnt pigs. Conclusion: In forensic practice, burnt bodies are among the most neglected fields of entomological research, since they are supposed to be an inadequate substratum for insect colonization. Entomological approach for PMI estimation proved to be useful, although further studies on larger samples are needed.",
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Vanin, S, Zanotti, E, Gibelli, D, Taborelli, A, Andreola, S & Cattaneo, C 2013, 'Decomposition and entomological colonization of charred bodies-a pilot study', Croatian Medical Journal, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 387-393. https://doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2013.54.387

Decomposition and entomological colonization of charred bodies-a pilot study. / Vanin, Stefano; Zanotti, Emma; Gibelli, Daniele; Taborelli, Anna; Andreola, Salvatore; Cattaneo, Cristina.

In: Croatian Medical Journal, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2013, p. 387-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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