Defining and assessing industry 4.0 maturity levels – case of the defence sector

Lee Bibby, Benjamin Dehe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

237 Citations (Scopus)


Firms do not currently fully appreciate the complex characteristics of Industry 4.0 and as a result are uncertain about what it represents for them. In this study, an assessment model is developed to measure the level of implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies, around three dimensions: ‘Factory of the Future’, ‘People and Culture’, and ‘Strategy’. The ‘Factory of the Future’ is the main dimension and is composed of eight attributes: Additive Manufacturing, Cloud, Manufacturing Execution System, Internet of Things and Cyber Physical Systems, Big Data, Sensors, e-Value Chains, and Autonomous Robots. The study uses a defence manufacturing firm to develop, test and validate the model and report on 12 partners. We concluded that the focal firm has an Industry 4.0 maturity level of 59.35, above the sector average of 55.58. This research contributes by empirically developing a model and providing an analysis of major firms in the Defence supply network
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1030-1043
Number of pages14
JournalProduction Planning and Control
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2018


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