Demonstration, extension and refinement of the re-proposed notion of design abduction

Lauri Koskela, Ehud Kroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The original ideas on design abduction, inspired by treatments in philosophy of science, had a narrow conception on how novelty emerges in design, when looked at in terms of logic. The authors have previously presented a re-proposed notion of abduction in design, taking the differences between science and design into account. Now, in this article, the invention of the airplane by the Wright brothers is analyzed as a retrospective case study. Key parts of the reproposed notion of design abduction are demonstrated, and two new types of design abduction are identified, namely strategic abduction and dynamic abduction. Perhaps even more importantly, a new hypothesis on the cognitive basis of design abduction is reached. While the importance of model-based abduction (and reasoning) is confirmed, the case also pinpoints the central role of verbalization and discussion in supporting design reasoning in general and especially abduction. All in all, it seems that improved understanding of design abduction and its cognitive basis would be instrumental in promoting more effective and efficient designing.
Original languageEnglish
JournalArtificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing: AIEDAM
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 22 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Demonstrations
Patents and inventions
Aircraft

Cite this

@article{5ce5643acfb546bda87b21a3ad8249bf,
title = "Demonstration, extension and refinement of the re-proposed notion of design abduction",
abstract = "The original ideas on design abduction, inspired by treatments in philosophy of science, had a narrow conception on how novelty emerges in design, when looked at in terms of logic. The authors have previously presented a re-proposed notion of abduction in design, taking the differences between science and design into account. Now, in this article, the invention of the airplane by the Wright brothers is analyzed as a retrospective case study. Key parts of the reproposed notion of design abduction are demonstrated, and two new types of design abduction are identified, namely strategic abduction and dynamic abduction. Perhaps even more importantly, a new hypothesis on the cognitive basis of design abduction is reached. While the importance of model-based abduction (and reasoning) is confirmed, the case also pinpoints the central role of verbalization and discussion in supporting design reasoning in general and especially abduction. All in all, it seems that improved understanding of design abduction and its cognitive basis would be instrumental in promoting more effective and efficient designing.",
keywords = "abduction, model-based abduction, dynamic abduction, strategic abduction, Design Reasoning, Wright brothers",
author = "Lauri Koskela and Ehud Kroll",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "22",
language = "English",
journal = "Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing: AIEDAM",
issn = "0890-0604",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demonstration, extension and refinement of the re-proposed notion of design abduction

AU - Koskela, Lauri

AU - Kroll, Ehud

PY - 2019/10/22

Y1 - 2019/10/22

N2 - The original ideas on design abduction, inspired by treatments in philosophy of science, had a narrow conception on how novelty emerges in design, when looked at in terms of logic. The authors have previously presented a re-proposed notion of abduction in design, taking the differences between science and design into account. Now, in this article, the invention of the airplane by the Wright brothers is analyzed as a retrospective case study. Key parts of the reproposed notion of design abduction are demonstrated, and two new types of design abduction are identified, namely strategic abduction and dynamic abduction. Perhaps even more importantly, a new hypothesis on the cognitive basis of design abduction is reached. While the importance of model-based abduction (and reasoning) is confirmed, the case also pinpoints the central role of verbalization and discussion in supporting design reasoning in general and especially abduction. All in all, it seems that improved understanding of design abduction and its cognitive basis would be instrumental in promoting more effective and efficient designing.

AB - The original ideas on design abduction, inspired by treatments in philosophy of science, had a narrow conception on how novelty emerges in design, when looked at in terms of logic. The authors have previously presented a re-proposed notion of abduction in design, taking the differences between science and design into account. Now, in this article, the invention of the airplane by the Wright brothers is analyzed as a retrospective case study. Key parts of the reproposed notion of design abduction are demonstrated, and two new types of design abduction are identified, namely strategic abduction and dynamic abduction. Perhaps even more importantly, a new hypothesis on the cognitive basis of design abduction is reached. While the importance of model-based abduction (and reasoning) is confirmed, the case also pinpoints the central role of verbalization and discussion in supporting design reasoning in general and especially abduction. All in all, it seems that improved understanding of design abduction and its cognitive basis would be instrumental in promoting more effective and efficient designing.

KW - abduction

KW - model-based abduction

KW - dynamic abduction

KW - strategic abduction

KW - Design Reasoning

KW - Wright brothers

M3 - Article

JO - Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing: AIEDAM

JF - Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing: AIEDAM

SN - 0890-0604

ER -