Destination Integration: Third Country Nationals in the North of England: Final Report

Anya Ahmed, Philip Brown, Ewa Duda-Mikulin, Philip Martin, Lisa Scullion

Research output: Book/ReportOther report


This report is based on a study of Third Country Nationals and their experiences of living and working in the North of England. It was undertaken during 2014 and 2015 as part of the Integration Up North project (IuN). The IuN project is managed by Migration Yorkshire, the Regional Strategic Migration Partnership for the Yorkshire and Humber region based within Leeds City Council. In 2014, Migration Yorkshire, in partnership with Migration Works and the University of Salford, received funding under the European Integration Fund (EIF). The collective activities of IuN aimed to:
“Improve and mainstream the integration of Third Country Nationals through a comprehensive and co-ordinated programme of research, training, guidance, strategic support and migrant participation for Local Authorities, key policy-makers and practitioners. “

The research element of the project was undertaken by the Sustainable Housing and Urban Studies Unit (SHUSU) at the University of Salford.

Acknowledging that there is a lack of empirical, theoretical and policy literature focusing specifically on the lived experiences of Third Country Nationals living in the UK, this study attempted to fill these important gaps. Focusing primarily on the Yorkshire and Humber region, with some focus on Greater Manchester, the research sought to explore the experiences of different types of migrants who had arrived in the United Kingdom (UK) as Third Country Nationals In order to meaningfully explore the diverse experiences of Third Country Nationals it was decided to focus upon specific Third Country National groups. These were: (1) Highly Skilled Migrants; (2) Family Joiners; and (3) former asylum seekers who had been subject to the Home Office Case Resolution process since 2007. A key focus of the study was to document the diversity of experiences among these groups and assess if the particular ‘route’ through which migrants enter the UK has implications for integration (both in terms of their relationships with wider society and how they are able to engage with services).

The overarching aim of the research was to contribute to knowledge about settlement and integration experiences through bringing the voices of different types of migrant to the fore and help those designing and delivering policies and services make better informed decisions. Within this aim, there were four research questions:

1. What are the settlement and integration experiences of Third Country Nationals and how they differ according to gender, route in, and vulnerability?
2. How and in what ways particular actors - such as services, employers and communities - assist in the process of integration?
3. What is the nature and context of social relations between new migrants and local community members?
4. What local authorities and other services can do to enhance positive experiences of settlement and integration in the future?
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUniversity of Salford
Number of pages56
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


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