Determination of optimal build orientation for additive manufacturing using Muirhead mean and prioritised average operators

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Build orientation determination is one of the essential process planning tasks in additive manufacturing since it has crucial effects on the part quality, post-processing, build time and cost, etc. This paper introduces a method based on fuzzy multi-attribute decision making to determine the optimal build orientation from a finite set of alternatives. The determination process includes two major steps. In the first step, attributes that are considered in the determination and heterogeneous relationships of which are firstly identified. A fuzzy decision matrix is then constructed and normalised based on the values of the identified attributes, which are quantified by a set of fuzzy numbers. In the second step, two fuzzy number aggregation operators are developed to aggregate the fuzzy information in the normalised matrix. By comparing the aggregation results, a ranking of all alternative build orientations can then be generated. Two determination examples are used to demonstrate the working process of the proposed method. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons between the proposed method and other methods are carried out to demonstrate its feasibility, effectiveness, and advantages.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3015-3034
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
Issue number8
Early online date5 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


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