Development and initial validation of the Life Skills Scale for Sport – Transfer Scale (LSSS-TS)

Gareth J. Mossman, Colin Robertson, Brian Williamson, Lorcan Cronin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The aim of this research was to develop and provide initial validity and reliability evidence for a scale that assesses life skills transfer from sport. 

Method: Two studies were conducted to develop the Life Skills Scale for Sport – Transfer Scale (LSSS-TS). Study 1 involved a review of the literature investigating life skills transfer and resulted in the development of 88 initial items representing six key transfer areas: school/education, home/family, community, social settings, employment, and other life domains. During this study, the content validity of the items was endorsed by 10 experts and a pilot study conducted with 72 participants provided further validity evidence for the scale and an assessment of its use in practice. Study 2 included 321 youth sport participants and refined the scale further using the results of factor analysis and descriptive statistics. 

Results: Study 1 resulted in the development of the initial 64-item LSSS-TS and provided content validity evidence for all items. Study 2 led to the refinement of the scale to 40-items and supported the factor structure and internal consistency reliability of the scale. 

Conclusions: Collectively, these studies provided initial evidence for the validity and reliability of the LSSS-TS; a measure which can be used by researchers and practitioners to assess participants' perceived life skills transfer from sport to other domains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101906
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Early online date12 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Cite this