This paper describes a novel route to functionalized piperidines via a formal [3+3] cycloaddition reaction of activated aziridines and palladium-trimethylenemethane (Pd-TMM) complexes. The cycloaddition reaction generally proceeds enantiospecifically with ring opening at the least hindered site of the aziridine. Therefore, readily available enantiomerically pure 2-substituted aziridines can be utilized to prepare enantiomerically pure 2-substituted piperidines in good to excellent yield. The N-substituent on the aziridine proved to be crucial to the success of this reaction with only 4-toluenesulfonyl (Ts) and 4-methoxybenzenesulfonyl (PMBS) aziridines permitting smooth cycloaddition to take place. Additionally, spirocyclic aziridines have been found to participate in the [3+3] cycloaddition reaction, whereas 2,3-disubstituted aziridines can be applied to provide fused bicyclic piperidines, albeit in low yield.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Organic Chemistry|
|Early online date||22 Apr 2003|
|Publication status||Published - 30 May 2003|