Diagnosis of energy transport in iron buried layer targets using an extreme ultraviolet laser

M. Shahzad, O. Culfa, A. K. Rossall, L. A. Wilson, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, O. Delmas, J. Demailly, A. Maitrallain, M. Pittman, E. Baynard, M. Farjardo, G. J. Tallents

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2 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate the use of extreme ultra-violet (EUV) laboratory lasers in probing energy transport in laser irradiated solid targets. EUV transmission through targets containing a thin layer of iron (50 nm) encased in plastic (CH) after irradiation by a short pulse (35 fs) laser focussed to irradiances 3 × 1016 Wcm-2 is measured. Heating of the iron layer gives rise to a rapid decrease in EUV opacity and an increase in the transmission of the 13.9 nm laser radiation as the iron ionizes to Fe5+ and above where the ion ionisation energy is greater than the EUV probe photon energy (89 eV). A one dimensional hydrodynamic fluid code HYADES has been used to simulate the temporal variation in EUV transmission (wavelength 13.9 nm) using IMP opacity values for the iron layer and the simulated transmissions are compared to measured transmission values. When a deliberate pre-pulse is used to preform an expanding plastic plasma, it is found that radiation is important in the heating of the iron layer while for pre-pulse free irradiation, radiation transport is not significant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023301
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes


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