Dissolution corrosion of 316L austenitic stainless steels in contact with static liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) at 500 °C

Konstantina Lambrinou, Evangelia Charalampopoulou, Tom Van der Donck, Rémi Delville, Dominique Schryvers

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work addresses the dissolution corrosion behaviour of 316L austenitic stainless steels. For this purpose, solution-annealed and cold-deformed 316L steels were simultaneously exposed to oxygen-poor (<10−8 mass%) static liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) for 253–3282 h at 500 °C. Corrosion was consistently more severe for the cold-drawn steels than the solution-annealed steel, indicating the importance of the steel thermomechanical state. The thickness of the dissolution-affected zone was non-uniform, and sites of locally-enhanced dissolution were occasionally observed. The progress of LBE dissolution attack was promoted by the interplay of certain steel microstructural features (grain boundaries, deformation twin laths, precipitates) with the dissolution corrosion process. The identified dissolution mechanisms were selective leaching leading to steel ferritization, and non-selective leaching; the latter was mainly observed in the solution-annealed steel. The maximum corrosion rate decreased with exposure time and was found to be inversely proportional to the depth of dissolution attack.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-27
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume490
Early online date10 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

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