Diversity of Family Formation: LGBTQ+ Parents

Zoe Darwin, Mari Greenfield

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


LGBTQ+ parenting refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ+) people raising one or more children. This includes children raised by same-sex couples (same-sex parenting), children raised by single LGBTQ+ parents and children raised by an opposite-sex couple where at least one partner is LGBTQ+. Increasing numbers of LGBTQ+ people are choosing to parent through various means including current or former relationships, co-parenting, donor insemination and reciprocal IVF. Despite this, invisibility continues in research, policy and practice. This chapter discusses the value of research that explores the contemporary realities of the diversity of family formation, showcasing evidence on experiences of maternity services, birth experiences and perinatal mental health and considering the implications for midwives, birth workers and other health and social practitioners.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPerspectives on Midwifery and Parenthood
EditorsRita Borg Xuereb, Julie Jomeen
PublisherSpringer, Cham
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783031172854
ISBN (Print)9783031172847
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2023


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