Does Mentoring Make a Difference for Women Academics?: Evidence from the Literature and a Guide for Future Research

Viviana Meschitti, Helen Lawton Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims at reviewing literature on mentoring in academia, with a focus on mentoring to enhance women’s careers. A significant gender imbalance in science persists, and mentoring has been recognized as an important instrument for fostering academic women’s careers and addressing such imbalance. However, often the benefits of mentoring are taken for granted. This review aims to unpack the concept of mentoring, understand which trends characterize the mentoring literature, and analyze the evidence; moreover, it aims to discover potential gaps and propose a model to guide future research. A systematic approach is undertaken: four relevant search engines, covering more disciplines, are browsed to look for empirical studies on mentoring academic women from 1990 to March 2017. The review shows that there are some problems. First, there is no agreement on the definition of mentoring. Then, often studies are poorly grounded from a theoretical and conceptual perspective. In addition to the dominating research stream, focused on the benefits for the mentee, three other streams are consolidating: impact on the mentors, the role of group mentoring, and mentoring as an instrument to change institutions. At the end, we propose a model to guide future studies built on a longitudinal perspective.
LanguageEnglish
Pages166-199
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Research in Gender Studies
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date15 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Does Mentoring Make a Difference for Women Academics? Evidence from the Literature and a Guide for Future Research. / Meschitti, Viviana; Lawton Smith, Helen.

In: Journal of Research in Gender Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, 05.2017, p. 166-199.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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