DR-DEVICE: A defeasible logic system for the semantic Web

Nick Bassiliades, Grigoris Antoniou, Ioannis Vlahavas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents DR-DEVICE, a system for defeasible reasoning on the Web. Defeasible reasoning is a rule-based approach for efficient reasoning with incomplete and inconsistent information. Such reasoning is, among others, useful for ontology integration, where conflicting information arises naturally; and for the modeling of business rules and policies, where rules with exceptions are often used. In this paper we describe these scenarios in more detail along with the implementation of the DR-DEVICE system, which is capable of reasoning about RDF data over multiple Web sources using defeasible logic rules. The system is implemented on top of CLIPS production rule system and builds upon R-DEVICE, an earlier deductive rule system over RDF data that also supports derived attribute and aggregate attribute rules. Rules can be expressed either in a native CLIPS-like language, or in an extension of the OO-RuleML syntax. The operational semantics of defeasible logic are implemented through compilation into the generic rule language of R-DEVICE. The paper includes a use case of a semantic web broker that reasons defeasibly about renting apartments based on buyer's requirements (expressed RuleML defeasible logic rules) and seller's advertisements (expressed in RDF).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-148
Number of pages15
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes


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