Dynamic modeling and chatter analysis of a spindle-workpiece-tailstock system for the turning of flexible parts

Kaibo Lu, Yongqian Wang, Fengshou Gu, Xinyu Pang, Andrew Ball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Chatter happens frequently in turning of flexible parts, jeopardizing the dynamic stability of the operation. The chatter stability prediction is dependent on the accurate estimation of the structural parameters of the cutting system. This paper aims to quantify the influence of the support conditions on dynamics of the flexible parts in straight turning. Given the time-varying cutting tool position during machining, first, the chatter stability of the cutting system along the cutting path is analyzed, and the critical stiffness expression for chatter onset prediction is deduced. Then, two models of the spindle-workpiece-tailstock system using analytical and numerical methods are constructed and compared. The simulation results showed that increasing the spindle bearing or tailstock support stiffness cannot effectively improve the stiffness distribution and the eigenfrequency of the machined rod, whereas the frequency of the system tends to be increased evidently with the chuck size decreased. In comparison with the experimental results, it has been shown that the model involving the effect of spindle bearing and center support enables to produce more accurate modal parameters estimation and chatter onset location prediction than the simplified model. Besides, the measured displacement signals demonstrate a good mapping relation with the theoretical analysis results. The present study could provide an in-depth understanding of the dynamic behavior of flexible workpieces in turning operations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3007-3015
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number5-8
Early online date7 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


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