Early Diagnosis of Neurodegenerative Diseases from Gait Discrimination to Neural Synchronization

Shamaila Iram, Francois-benoit Vialatte, Muhammad Irfan Qamar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

It is generally believed that early detection of neurodegenerative diseases will provide a much more sustainable framework for dealing with age-related diseases in the future. This chapter presents a strategic framework for the early diagnosis of neurodegenerative disease from gait discrimination to neural synchronization. Here, we propose and present a new classifier fusion strategy that combines classification algorithms and rules (voting, product, mean, median, maximum, and minimum) to measure specific behaviors in people with neurodegenerative diseases. On the other hand, it is now evident that electroencephalographic (EEG) signals of patients with Alzheimer disease usually have less synchronization than those of healthy subjects. Computing neural synchronization of EEG signals to detect any perturbation will help diagnose this fatal disease at an earlier stage. Three neural synchrony measurement techniques, phase synchrony, magnitude-squared coherence, and cross-correlation, are applied to analyze three different databases of mild Alzheimer disease patients and healthy subjects to compare the right and left temporal lobe of the brain with the rest of the brain area. Results are compared using Mann–Whitney U statistical test.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApplied Computing in Medicine and Health
Subtitle of host publicationA volume in Emerging Topics in Computer Science and Applied Computing
EditorsDhiya Al-Jumeily, Abir Hussain, Conor Mallucci, Carol Oliver
PublisherElsevier
Chapter1
Pages1-26
Number of pages26
ISBN (Print)9780128034682
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Iram, S., Vialatte, F., & Qamar, M. I. (2016). Early Diagnosis of Neurodegenerative Diseases from Gait Discrimination to Neural Synchronization. In D. Al-Jumeily, A. Hussain, C. Mallucci, & C. Oliver (Eds.), Applied Computing in Medicine and Health: A volume in Emerging Topics in Computer Science and Applied Computing (pp. 1-26). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803468-2.00001-1