Edge-control and surface-smoothness in sub-aperture polishing of mirror segments

D. Walker, A. Beaucamp, R. Evans, T. Fox-Leonard, N. Fairhurst, C. Gray, S. Hamidi, H. Li, W. Messalink, J. Mitchell, P. Rees, G. Yu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper addresses two challenges in establishing a new process chain for polishing hexagonal segments for extremely large telescopes:- i) control of edge and corner profiles in small-tool polishing of hexagons, and ii) achieving the required smoothness of the bulk aspheric form. We briefly describe the performance of a CNC-grinding process used to create the off-axis asphere, which established the input-quality for subsequent processing. We then summarize processes for smoothing ground mid-spatials and pre- and corrective polishing using Zeeko CNC machines. The impact of two cases is considered; i) all processing stages are performed after the segment is cut hexagonal, and ii) final rectification of a hexagon after cutting from an aspherised roundel, as an alternative to ionfiguring. We then report on experimental results on witness samples demonstrating edges and corners close to the EELT segment specification, and results on a full-aperture spherical segment showing excellent surface smoothness.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationModern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II
Volume8450
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes
EventModern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 1 Jul 20126 Jul 2012
Conference number: II
https://spie.org/AS12/conferencedetails/technologies-for-telescopes-and-instrumentation (Link to Conference Details )

Conference

ConferenceModern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period1/07/126/07/12
Internet address

Fingerprint

Polishing
polishing
Hexagon
Smoothness
Mirror
Mirrors
apertures
mirrors
hexagons
Zone of one base
Asphere
Processing
aspheric optics
Extremely Large Telescopes
Telescopes
Rectification
Grinding
rectification
grinding
smoothing

Cite this

Walker, D., Beaucamp, A., Evans, R., Fox-Leonard, T., Fairhurst, N., Gray, C., ... Yu, G. (2012). Edge-control and surface-smoothness in sub-aperture polishing of mirror segments. In Modern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II (Vol. 8450). [84502A] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.926183
Walker, D. ; Beaucamp, A. ; Evans, R. ; Fox-Leonard, T. ; Fairhurst, N. ; Gray, C. ; Hamidi, S. ; Li, H. ; Messalink, W. ; Mitchell, J. ; Rees, P. ; Yu, G. / Edge-control and surface-smoothness in sub-aperture polishing of mirror segments. Modern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II. Vol. 8450 2012.
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Walker, D, Beaucamp, A, Evans, R, Fox-Leonard, T, Fairhurst, N, Gray, C, Hamidi, S, Li, H, Messalink, W, Mitchell, J, Rees, P & Yu, G 2012, Edge-control and surface-smoothness in sub-aperture polishing of mirror segments. in Modern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II. vol. 8450, 84502A, Modern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1/07/12. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.926183

Edge-control and surface-smoothness in sub-aperture polishing of mirror segments. / Walker, D.; Beaucamp, A.; Evans, R.; Fox-Leonard, T.; Fairhurst, N.; Gray, C.; Hamidi, S.; Li, H.; Messalink, W.; Mitchell, J.; Rees, P.; Yu, G.

Modern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II. Vol. 8450 2012. 84502A.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Yu, G.

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AB - This paper addresses two challenges in establishing a new process chain for polishing hexagonal segments for extremely large telescopes:- i) control of edge and corner profiles in small-tool polishing of hexagons, and ii) achieving the required smoothness of the bulk aspheric form. We briefly describe the performance of a CNC-grinding process used to create the off-axis asphere, which established the input-quality for subsequent processing. We then summarize processes for smoothing ground mid-spatials and pre- and corrective polishing using Zeeko CNC machines. The impact of two cases is considered; i) all processing stages are performed after the segment is cut hexagonal, and ii) final rectification of a hexagon after cutting from an aspherised roundel, as an alternative to ionfiguring. We then report on experimental results on witness samples demonstrating edges and corners close to the EELT segment specification, and results on a full-aperture spherical segment showing excellent surface smoothness.

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Walker D, Beaucamp A, Evans R, Fox-Leonard T, Fairhurst N, Gray C et al. Edge-control and surface-smoothness in sub-aperture polishing of mirror segments. In Modern Technologies in Space- and Ground-Based Telescopes and Instrumentation II. Vol. 8450. 2012. 84502A https://doi.org/10.1117/12.926183