Effect of a non-Dieting Lifestyle Randomised Control Trial on Psychological Well-being and Weight Management in Morbidly Obese pre-Menopausal Women

Erika Borkoles, Sean Carroll, Peter Clough, Remco C. J. Polman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective:
This study examined the effects of a non-dieting lifestyle intervention approach for morbidly obese women designed in the framework of the self-determination theory (SDT) and Health at Every Size on weight maintenance and psychological functioning.

Participants and design:
Predominantly white (97%), morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 35 kg m−2 with at least one co-morbid condition or a BMI ≥ 40 kg m−2) pre-menopausal women (N = 62), aged between 24 and 55 years were initially randomly assigned to 12 weeks of lifestyle intervention (IIG) or delayed start control group (DSCG). The program consisted of 3 months intensive lifestyle intervention followed by 9 month maintenance phase. The DSCG group commenced the program after 3 months.

Results and conclusions:
Initially, the IIG showed a significant decrease in body weight (baseline to end of the RCT phase) compared with a significant increase in the DSCG group. However, no significant changes in weight status were evident in either group at 12 months compared with baseline. The 3-month intensive intervention resulted in significantly improved psychological functioning in both groups, which were maintained at 12 months. The study provides additional support for a non-dieting, theory-based, lifestyle approach to weight management and psychological well-being among morbidly obese females.
LanguageEnglish
Pages51-58
Number of pages8
JournalMaturitas
Volume83
Early online date24 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Life Style
Psychology
Weights and Measures
Control Groups
Maintenance
Personal Autonomy
Health
Body Weight

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective:This study examined the effects of a non-dieting lifestyle intervention approach for morbidly obese women designed in the framework of the self-determination theory (SDT) and Health at Every Size on weight maintenance and psychological functioning.Participants and design:Predominantly white (97{\%}), morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 35 kg m−2 with at least one co-morbid condition or a BMI ≥ 40 kg m−2) pre-menopausal women (N = 62), aged between 24 and 55 years were initially randomly assigned to 12 weeks of lifestyle intervention (IIG) or delayed start control group (DSCG). The program consisted of 3 months intensive lifestyle intervention followed by 9 month maintenance phase. The DSCG group commenced the program after 3 months.Results and conclusions:Initially, the IIG showed a significant decrease in body weight (baseline to end of the RCT phase) compared with a significant increase in the DSCG group. However, no significant changes in weight status were evident in either group at 12 months compared with baseline. The 3-month intensive intervention resulted in significantly improved psychological functioning in both groups, which were maintained at 12 months. The study provides additional support for a non-dieting, theory-based, lifestyle approach to weight management and psychological well-being among morbidly obese females.",
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Effect of a non-Dieting Lifestyle Randomised Control Trial on Psychological Well-being and Weight Management in Morbidly Obese pre-Menopausal Women. / Borkoles, Erika; Carroll, Sean; Clough, Peter; Polman, Remco C. J.

In: Maturitas, Vol. 83, 01.2016, p. 51-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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