Effect of fibre type on mechanical properties of nonwoven reinforced TPU composites

Muhammad Tausif, Tom O'Haire, Achilles Pliakas, Parikshit Goswami, Stephen J. Russell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nonwoven-reinforced composites were produced using both low modulus fibres (lyocell, polyethylene terephthalate, and polyamide) and high modulus aramid fibres (polyphenylene terephthalamide) in thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) matrix. Preferentially oriented web preforms were prepared by carding and pre-needling before impregnating the nonwovens in a thermoplastic polyurethane resin matrix. Composites were prepared by compression moulding and mechanical properties were evaluated. Scanning Electron Microscopy was employed to study the fibre-to-matrix interface in the nonwoven-reinforced composites. It was found that nonwoven reinforcement provided a range of mechanical properties, mainly linked to fibre properties and orientation of fibres in the web, apparently unaffected by the mechanical properties of the web. Furthermore, all studies fibres were thoroughly embedded in the matrix.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016
ISBN (Electronic) 9789616900171
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016 - University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Duration: 8 Jun 201610 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016
Abbreviated titleAUTEX 2016
CountrySlovenia
CityLjubljana
Period8/06/1610/06/16

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thermoplastics
polyurethanes
composite materials
mechanical properties
carding
resins
scanning electron microscopy

Cite this

Tausif, M., O'Haire, T., Pliakas, A., Goswami, P., & Russell, S. J. (2016). Effect of fibre type on mechanical properties of nonwoven reinforced TPU composites. In Proceedings of 16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016
Tausif, Muhammad ; O'Haire, Tom ; Pliakas, Achilles ; Goswami, Parikshit ; Russell, Stephen J. / Effect of fibre type on mechanical properties of nonwoven reinforced TPU composites. Proceedings of 16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016 . 2016.
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Tausif, M, O'Haire, T, Pliakas, A, Goswami, P & Russell, SJ 2016, Effect of fibre type on mechanical properties of nonwoven reinforced TPU composites. in Proceedings of 16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016 . 16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 8/06/16.

Effect of fibre type on mechanical properties of nonwoven reinforced TPU composites. / Tausif, Muhammad; O'Haire, Tom; Pliakas, Achilles; Goswami, Parikshit; Russell, Stephen J.

Proceedings of 16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016 . 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Effect of fibre type on mechanical properties of nonwoven reinforced TPU composites

AU - Tausif, Muhammad

AU - O'Haire, Tom

AU - Pliakas, Achilles

AU - Goswami, Parikshit

AU - Russell, Stephen J.

PY - 2016/6/10

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N2 - Nonwoven-reinforced composites were produced using both low modulus fibres (lyocell, polyethylene terephthalate, and polyamide) and high modulus aramid fibres (polyphenylene terephthalamide) in thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) matrix. Preferentially oriented web preforms were prepared by carding and pre-needling before impregnating the nonwovens in a thermoplastic polyurethane resin matrix. Composites were prepared by compression moulding and mechanical properties were evaluated. Scanning Electron Microscopy was employed to study the fibre-to-matrix interface in the nonwoven-reinforced composites. It was found that nonwoven reinforcement provided a range of mechanical properties, mainly linked to fibre properties and orientation of fibres in the web, apparently unaffected by the mechanical properties of the web. Furthermore, all studies fibres were thoroughly embedded in the matrix.

AB - Nonwoven-reinforced composites were produced using both low modulus fibres (lyocell, polyethylene terephthalate, and polyamide) and high modulus aramid fibres (polyphenylene terephthalamide) in thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) matrix. Preferentially oriented web preforms were prepared by carding and pre-needling before impregnating the nonwovens in a thermoplastic polyurethane resin matrix. Composites were prepared by compression moulding and mechanical properties were evaluated. Scanning Electron Microscopy was employed to study the fibre-to-matrix interface in the nonwoven-reinforced composites. It was found that nonwoven reinforcement provided a range of mechanical properties, mainly linked to fibre properties and orientation of fibres in the web, apparently unaffected by the mechanical properties of the web. Furthermore, all studies fibres were thoroughly embedded in the matrix.

KW - composites

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KW - flexible

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KW - nonwovens

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Tausif M, O'Haire T, Pliakas A, Goswami P, Russell SJ. Effect of fibre type on mechanical properties of nonwoven reinforced TPU composites. In Proceedings of 16th AUTEX World Textile Conference 2016 . 2016