Effect of heating-cooling cycle on the opto-structural properties of low-density polyethylene fibres using two-beam interference microscopy

H. M. El-Dessouky, K. M. Yassien, C. A. Lawrence

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Abstract

A hot stage attached with a two-beam interference (Pluta) microscope was used to apply a heating-cooling cycle (HCC) on low-density polyethylene fibres (LDPE). The variation of the refractive indices (n{double pipe} and n⊥) with the temperature was carried out during the heating and cooling of the LDPE fibres. The activation energy (Ea) and thermooptic coefficient (dn/dT) were calculated for the investigated LDPE fibres. The spectral dispersion curves, percent crystallinity and orientation function were determined for the treated LDPE fibres. It was found that the HCC for LDPE fibre implies: a reversible behaviour of both optical and structural properties against temperature and an improvement in the fibre crystallinity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)812-822
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Textile Institute
Volume101
Issue number9
Early online date22 Mar 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

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