This work focuses on the effect of dissolved oxygen concentration in liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) on the onset of dissolution corrosion in a solution-annealed 316 L austenitic stainless steel. Specimens made of the same 316 L stainless steel heat were exposed for 1000 h at 450 C to static liquid LBE with controlled concentrations of dissolved oxygen, i.e., 105, 106, and 107 mass%. The corroded 316 L steel specimens were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). A complete absence of dissolution corrosion was observed in the steel specimens exposed to liquid LBE with 105 and 106 mass% oxygen. In the same specimens, isolated “islands” of FeCr-containing oxides were also detected, indicating the localized onset of oxidation corrosion under these exposure conditions. On the other hand, dissolution corrosion with a maximum depth of 59 lm was detected in the steel specimen exposed to liquid LBE with 107 mass% oxygen. This suggests that the threshold oxygen concentration associated with the onset of dissolution corrosion in this 316 L steel heat lies between 106 and 107 mass% oxygen for the specific exposure conditions (i.e., 1000 h, 450 C, static liquid LBE).
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science|
|Early online date||16 May 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2018|