This study analyses the impact of micro cracks on photovoltaic (PV) module output power performance and energy production. Electroluminescence imaging technique was used to detect micro cracks affecting PV modules. The experiment was carried out on ten different PV modules installed at the University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom. The examined PV modules which contain micro cracks shows large loss in the output power comparing with the theoretical output power predictions, where the maximum power loss is equal to 80.73%. LabVIEW software was used to simulate the theoretical output power of the examined PV modules under real time long term data measurements.
Dhimish, M., Holmes, V., Dales, M., & Mehrdadi, B. (2017). Effect of micro cracks on photovoltaic output power: case study based on real time long term data measurements. Micro and Nano Letters, 12(10), 803-807. https://doi.org/10.1049/mnl.2017.0205