Effect of pearling on dry processing of oats

Ruohang Wang, Apostolis A. Koutinas, Grant M. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An innovative oat dry processing, integrating pearling, dry milling and sifting, has been developed. The benefits of applying pearling included the production of bran-rich fractions enriched in specific bran layers and their corresponding chemical constituents, removal of trichomes and harmful surface-borne compounds such as aluminium, and microbial decontamination of pearled oat groats. The surface-borne trichomes of an Expression oat cultivar contained at least 126 ppm aluminium and were inhabited by at least three strains of bacteria up to a population of 380 000 colony forming units per gram of trichomes. A pearling process of 5 s depilated all trichomes, resulting in the complete removal of aluminium and bacteria from pearled oat groats. Chemical analysis of the bran-rich fractions (referred to as pearlings) revealed irregular distributions of minerals and protein, while moisture and starch contents increased with the amount of pearlings removed. Phosphorus analysis in the pearlings indicated that a pearling time interval from 20 to 50 s generated a fraction enriched in aleurone material to a level of 24%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-376
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Volume82
Issue number3
Early online date5 Mar 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Trichomes
trichomes
oats
bran
Aluminum
aluminum
dry milling
Bacteria
Decontamination
bacteria
decontamination
chemical analysis
Starch
Phosphorus
Minerals
Stem Cells
starch
minerals
phosphorus
Avena

Cite this

Wang, Ruohang ; Koutinas, Apostolis A. ; Campbell, Grant M. / Effect of pearling on dry processing of oats. In: Journal of Food Engineering. 2007 ; Vol. 82, No. 3. pp. 369-376.
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Effect of pearling on dry processing of oats. / Wang, Ruohang; Koutinas, Apostolis A.; Campbell, Grant M.

In: Journal of Food Engineering, Vol. 82, No. 3, 10.2007, p. 369-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wang, Ruohang

AU - Koutinas, Apostolis A.

AU - Campbell, Grant M.

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AB - An innovative oat dry processing, integrating pearling, dry milling and sifting, has been developed. The benefits of applying pearling included the production of bran-rich fractions enriched in specific bran layers and their corresponding chemical constituents, removal of trichomes and harmful surface-borne compounds such as aluminium, and microbial decontamination of pearled oat groats. The surface-borne trichomes of an Expression oat cultivar contained at least 126 ppm aluminium and were inhabited by at least three strains of bacteria up to a population of 380 000 colony forming units per gram of trichomes. A pearling process of 5 s depilated all trichomes, resulting in the complete removal of aluminium and bacteria from pearled oat groats. Chemical analysis of the bran-rich fractions (referred to as pearlings) revealed irregular distributions of minerals and protein, while moisture and starch contents increased with the amount of pearlings removed. Phosphorus analysis in the pearlings indicated that a pearling time interval from 20 to 50 s generated a fraction enriched in aleurone material to a level of 24%.

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