Efficient access to conjugated 4,4′-bipyridinium oligomers using the Zincke reaction: Synthesis, spectroscopic and electrochemical properties

Long Chen, Helen Willcock, Christopher J. Wedge, FrantiŠek Hartl, Howard M. Colquhoun, Barnaby W. Greenland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


The cyclocondensation reaction between rigid, electron-rich aromatic diamines and 1,1′-bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-4,4′-bipyridinium (Zincke) salts has been harnessed to produce a series of conjugated oligomers containing up to twelve aromatic/heterocyclic residues. These oligomers exhibit discrete, multiple redox processes accompanied by dramatic changes in electronic absorption spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-988
Number of pages9
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Issue number3
Early online date20 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


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