Enablers for Effective Multi-hazard Early Warning System: A Literature Review

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The intensity and frequency of natural hazards have increased unprecedentedly, resulting in devastating impacts on lives and economies. The present challenge for practitioners and policymakers is to reduce such impacts and related risks with innovative measures. A multi-hazard early warning system has been recognized as a crucial element in most disaster risk reduction measures. However, recent hazard incidents revealed that existing early warning systems are not completely able to save lives and reduce economic losses due to many reasons. Hence, this paper is conducted to provide a comprehensive understanding of the enablers to be considered when developing a fully comprehensive multi-hazard early warning system. Further, the study presents the benefits of establishing an effective multi-hazard early warning over single early warning systems. The paper is based on a narrative review applying a systematic basis for selecting research papers for the study. According to study results, three aspects to be considered when developing and operating an effective multi-hazard early warning system. Policy, legislative and institutional arrangements; social and cultural considerations and technological and scientific arrangements are the three categories. Policy, legislative and institutional arrangements contain governance, political recognition, mainstreaming early warning into development planning, stakeholder partnerships, periodic feedback, empowerment of local authorities and provision of resources/ infrastructure. Social and cultural consideration includes training and capacity building, awareness and education, planning and preparedness, community engagement and empowerment and consideration of gender perspective and cultural diversity. Finally, integration of technological and scientific knowledge, risk information, hazard warning dissemination and communication, and monitoring and forecasting are the technological and scientific arrangements to be assured for an effective multi-hazard early warning for disaster risk reduction and enhancing resilience.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICSECM 2019
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management
EditorsRanjith Dissanayake, Priyan Mendis, Kolita Weerasekera, Sudhira De Silva, Shiromal Fernando
PublisherSpringer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd 2021
Pages399-416
Number of pages18
Volume94
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9789811572227
ISBN (Print)9789811572210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2020
Event10th International conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management: Special Session on Disaster Risk Reduction - Earl's Regency Hotel, Kandy, Sri Lanka
Duration: 12 Dec 201914 Dec 2019
Conference number: 10
http://www.icsecm.org/2019/
http://www.icsecm.org/2019/dowanloads/Final%20Abstract(2019).pdf
http://www.icsecm.org/2019/ (Conference Website)

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
PublisherSpringer
Volume94
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565

Conference

Conference10th International conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management
Abbreviated titleICSECM2019
CountrySri Lanka
CityKandy
Period12/12/1914/12/19
Internet address

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    Hemachandra, K., Haigh, R., & Amaratunga, D. (2020). Enablers for Effective Multi-hazard Early Warning System: A Literature Review. In R. Dissanayake, P. Mendis, K. Weerasekera, S. De Silva, & S. Fernando (Eds.), ICSECM 2019: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management (1st ed., Vol. 94, pp. 399-416). (Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering; Vol. 94). Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-7222-7_33