Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League

Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization

Liam Anderson, Patrick Orme, Robert J. Naughton, Graeme L. Close, Jordan Milsom, David Rydings, Andy O’boyle, Rocco Di Michele, Julien Louis, Catherine Hambly, John Roger Speakman, Ryland Morgans, Barry Drust, James P. Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an attempt to better identify and inform the energy requirements of elite soccer players, we quantified the energy expenditure (EE) of players from the English Premier League (n = 6) via the doubly labeled water method (DLW) over a 7-day in-season period. Energy intake (EI) was also assessed using food diaries, supported by the remote food photographic method and 24 hr recalls. The 7-day period consisted of 5 training days (TD) and 2 match days (MD). Although mean daily EI (3186 ± 367 kcals) was not different from (p > .05) daily EE (3566 ± 585 kcals), EI was greater (p < .05) on MD (3789 ± 532 kcal; 61.1 ± 11.4 kcal.kg-1 LBM) compared with TD (2956 ± 374 kcal; 45.2 ± 9.3 kcal.kg-1 LBM, respectively). Differences in EI were reflective of greater (p < .05) daily CHO intake on MD (6.4 ± 2.2 g.kg-1) compared with TD (4.2 ± 1.4 g.kg-1). Exogenous CHO intake was also different (p < .01) during training sessions (3.1 ± 4.4 g.h-1) versus matches (32.3 ± 21.9 g.h-1). In contrast, daily protein (205 ± 30 g.kg-1, p = .29) and fat intake (101 ± 20 g, p = .16) did not display any evidence of daily periodization as opposed to g.kg-1, Although players readily achieve current guidelines for daily protein and fat intake, data suggest that CHO intake on the day before and in recovery from match play was not in accordance with guidelines to promote muscle glycogen storage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-238
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

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Soccer
Energy Intake
Energy Metabolism
Carbohydrates
Fats
Guidelines
Diet Records
Glycogen
Proteins
Food
Muscles
Water

Cite this

Anderson, Liam ; Orme, Patrick ; Naughton, Robert J. ; Close, Graeme L. ; Milsom, Jordan ; Rydings, David ; O’boyle, Andy ; Di Michele, Rocco ; Louis, Julien ; Hambly, Catherine ; Speakman, John Roger ; Morgans, Ryland ; Drust, Barry ; Morton, James P. / Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League : Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization. In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2017 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 228-238.
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abstract = "In an attempt to better identify and inform the energy requirements of elite soccer players, we quantified the energy expenditure (EE) of players from the English Premier League (n = 6) via the doubly labeled water method (DLW) over a 7-day in-season period. Energy intake (EI) was also assessed using food diaries, supported by the remote food photographic method and 24 hr recalls. The 7-day period consisted of 5 training days (TD) and 2 match days (MD). Although mean daily EI (3186 ± 367 kcals) was not different from (p > .05) daily EE (3566 ± 585 kcals), EI was greater (p < .05) on MD (3789 ± 532 kcal; 61.1 ± 11.4 kcal.kg-1 LBM) compared with TD (2956 ± 374 kcal; 45.2 ± 9.3 kcal.kg-1 LBM, respectively). Differences in EI were reflective of greater (p < .05) daily CHO intake on MD (6.4 ± 2.2 g.kg-1) compared with TD (4.2 ± 1.4 g.kg-1). Exogenous CHO intake was also different (p < .01) during training sessions (3.1 ± 4.4 g.h-1) versus matches (32.3 ± 21.9 g.h-1). In contrast, daily protein (205 ± 30 g.kg-1, p = .29) and fat intake (101 ± 20 g, p = .16) did not display any evidence of daily periodization as opposed to g.kg-1, Although players readily achieve current guidelines for daily protein and fat intake, data suggest that CHO intake on the day before and in recovery from match play was not in accordance with guidelines to promote muscle glycogen storage.",
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Anderson, L, Orme, P, Naughton, RJ, Close, GL, Milsom, J, Rydings, D, O’boyle, A, Di Michele, R, Louis, J, Hambly, C, Speakman, JR, Morgans, R, Drust, B & Morton, JP 2017, 'Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League: Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization', International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 228-238. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0259

Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League : Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization. / Anderson, Liam; Orme, Patrick; Naughton, Robert J.; Close, Graeme L.; Milsom, Jordan; Rydings, David; O’boyle, Andy; Di Michele, Rocco; Louis, Julien; Hambly, Catherine; Speakman, John Roger; Morgans, Ryland; Drust, Barry; Morton, James P.

In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, Vol. 27, No. 3, 06.2017, p. 228-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League

T2 - Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization

AU - Anderson, Liam

AU - Orme, Patrick

AU - Naughton, Robert J.

AU - Close, Graeme L.

AU - Milsom, Jordan

AU - Rydings, David

AU - O’boyle, Andy

AU - Di Michele, Rocco

AU - Louis, Julien

AU - Hambly, Catherine

AU - Speakman, John Roger

AU - Morgans, Ryland

AU - Drust, Barry

AU - Morton, James P.

PY - 2017/6

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N2 - In an attempt to better identify and inform the energy requirements of elite soccer players, we quantified the energy expenditure (EE) of players from the English Premier League (n = 6) via the doubly labeled water method (DLW) over a 7-day in-season period. Energy intake (EI) was also assessed using food diaries, supported by the remote food photographic method and 24 hr recalls. The 7-day period consisted of 5 training days (TD) and 2 match days (MD). Although mean daily EI (3186 ± 367 kcals) was not different from (p > .05) daily EE (3566 ± 585 kcals), EI was greater (p < .05) on MD (3789 ± 532 kcal; 61.1 ± 11.4 kcal.kg-1 LBM) compared with TD (2956 ± 374 kcal; 45.2 ± 9.3 kcal.kg-1 LBM, respectively). Differences in EI were reflective of greater (p < .05) daily CHO intake on MD (6.4 ± 2.2 g.kg-1) compared with TD (4.2 ± 1.4 g.kg-1). Exogenous CHO intake was also different (p < .01) during training sessions (3.1 ± 4.4 g.h-1) versus matches (32.3 ± 21.9 g.h-1). In contrast, daily protein (205 ± 30 g.kg-1, p = .29) and fat intake (101 ± 20 g, p = .16) did not display any evidence of daily periodization as opposed to g.kg-1, Although players readily achieve current guidelines for daily protein and fat intake, data suggest that CHO intake on the day before and in recovery from match play was not in accordance with guidelines to promote muscle glycogen storage.

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KW - training load

KW - soccer

KW - GPS

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DO - 10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0259

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JO - International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism

JF - International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism

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